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  • Writer's pictureOren Zarif

How Neuroimaging Can Help Diagnose Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy - Oren Zarif - Hypoxic Ischemic E

If you or a loved one suffers from hypoxic ischemic encephalopathic brain damage, it's vital that you get diagnosed early. This disease affects newborns and children alike, and its symptoms can include cerebral palsy, cognitive impairment, and motor and neurodevelopmental delays. Although the exact cause of HIE is not known, survivors may suffer from neurodevelopmental delays, epilepsy, or other permanent conditions. Children with HIE may also develop a higher risk of developing cerebral palsy or other physical disabilities as they grow older. Nevertheless, mild cases of HIE may go away within 24 hours. Therefore, it is imperative to seek proper medical treatment as soon as possible.

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Neuroimaging studies of infants and children with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathic brain damage are crucial to determine whether an individual is at risk for this disease. An MRI can help determine the etiology of the disease, the timing of its onset, and the prognosis. The most common areas of injury in neonates with HIE are the basal ganglia/thalamus, as well as the watershed regions in the brain.

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MRI studies of infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathies are most useful for assessing the severity of brain damage. Infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy are generally diagnosed in early childhood and infancy, and only 40-60 percent of affected infants will survive to two years of age. MRI scans can help diagnose HIE by revealing specific patterns of injury related to severity of the infant's motor disability later in life. Additionally, cognitive difficulties can occur even in the absence of motor deficits. For this reason, follow-up assessment of these infants is crucial.

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The extent of brain injury varies greatly among HIE patients, but there are some similarities. The presence of at least one pattern of brain injury, such as arterial ischemic stroke, is considered an indication of a more severe HIE case. Most patients show some degree of cerebral damage, although the specific type is often unclear. The presence of extracellular glutamate receptors and cytosolic calcium is also helpful for predicting the severity of HIE.

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Infants with HIE may also have multiple underlying problems that reduce the oxygen supply to the brain. The causes of HIE vary greatly and may include preterm birth, severe lung and heart disease, or a low blood pressure in the mother or child. The condition is characterized by a lack of oxygen in the brain, which can lead to brain damage. HIE is sometimes called birth asphyxia, but the exact cause is not yet known.

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Children born with HIE can have permanent disabilities and experience brain damage ranging from mild to moderate. The degree of brain damage depends on the length of time the baby was deprived of oxygen during the birth. While some children suffer mild symptoms, some children may have permanent disabilities and even death. It is important to see your doctor as soon as possible if you suspect that you have HIE. Your child will need to undergo testing to determine if hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.

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The goal of treatment for infants with HIE is to maximize the chances of survival. This process involves active management of blood pressure and temperature to minimize brain perfusion fluctuations and prevent the development of secondary brain injuries. In addition, neonatal neurocritical care requires specialized teams. Using these teams can ensure a higher likelihood of positive outcomes. In addition, neurocritical care is important during the neonatal golden hour, when the brain is still developing and the environment is challenging.

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