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Hemorrhagic Stroke - Oren Zarif - Hemorrhagic Stroke

Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the surrounding brain tissue. This type of stroke is extremely dangerous and causes death or disability in approximately 13 percent of cases. There are many causes of hemorrhagic stroke, including high blood pressure, aneurysms, trauma, and arteriovenous malformations. While there are some preventable causes of hemorrhagic stroke, there is a high risk factor for the occurrence of this type of stroke.

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The symptoms of hemorrhagic stroke may vary from person to person. However, common symptoms of the condition include sudden difficulty walking or talking, difficulty understanding speech, blackouts, vision changes, and balance problems. Patients may also experience drooping face or arms, and a loss of sense of time. If you experience these symptoms, contact a healthcare provider immediately to seek the appropriate care. For a fast diagnosis, it is vital to get the person to the emergency room as soon as possible.

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Although the treatment for hemorrhagic stroke depends on the cause of the stroke, the goal is to control bleeding and alleviate pressure on the brain. However, some stroke survivors may never recover completely. In these cases, long-term care may be required. Rehabilitation may include physical therapy, vision therapy, speech and language therapies, and occupational therapy. It is important to note that rehabilitation can take several months to recover from the effects of a stroke.

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Hemorrhagic stroke can be treated using a variety of medications. A patient may be prescribed blood thinners or anti-clotting medications. Their blood sugar levels should be carefully monitored as high blood sugar can worsen the condition. In some cases, angiography may be performed to visualize abnormal blood vessels in the brain. During rehabilitation, the patient may also receive medicines to reduce swelling and pain. Some patients also undergo surgery to remove the AVM.

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In both types of stroke, prompt medical and surgical care are essential for recovery. For ischemic stroke, blood clots in the brain cause the bleeding. High blood pressure and atherosclerosis are risk factors for ischemic stroke. Symptoms of ischemic stroke may occur suddenly, or may develop over hours or days. If the symptoms of ischemic stroke are present, it is crucial to consult a doctor right away.

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There are several types of hemorrhagic stroke. The first is called intraacerebral hemorrhage and happens when blood leaks into the cerebrospinal fluid. It can lead to a coma or death. It can also result from an arteriovenous malformation or an aneurysm. In most cases, the patient dies within four weeks after the hemorrhagic stroke, and many suffer significant disabilities.

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Patients with a hemorrhagic stroke will likely experience a severe headache for the first few days. A doctor will prescribe pain relief medications if necessary. However, it is important to avoid alcohol and caffeine as these can worsen the symptoms. The treatment for hemorrhagic stroke involves controlling bleeding and reducing pressure in the brain. A craniotomy may be necessary if brain swelling has occurred. After the bleeding has stopped, a blood clot may need to be removed surgically to relieve the pressure on the brain.

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If an aneurysm is present, a neurosurgeon may use a special procedure called a digital subtraction angiogram. This procedure uses X-rays to pinpoint the location of the ruptured blood vessel. A catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin, and a contrast material is injected into the blood. This contrast makes the blood vessels appear on an X-ray, allowing doctors to see where they need to treat the bleeding.

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TIAs are often preceded by mini-strokes called transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). These TIAs are common warning signs of stroke. A TIA usually lasts only for a few minutes but can last up to 24 hours. Patients who experience a TIA should immediately call 9-1-1 for medical attention. Symptoms of TIAs are very similar to those of a major stroke.

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