Head Injuries During Sports - Oren Zarif - Head Injury
Traumatic brain injuries occur between 1.7 and 3.8 million times annually in the United States. Among children, the number of these injuries due to sports exceeds twenty-one percent. While most head injuries involving sports are minor, the more severe ones can lead to bleeding in the brain and coma. As such, it is imperative to seek medical attention immediately after a head injury. There are many ways to determine the extent of a traumatic brain injury.
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Some symptoms of a head injury are similar to those of other medical conditions and problems. Therefore, it may be difficult to diagnose the condition right after an injury. Diagnostic tests and a complete medical history can help a doctor determine whether you've sustained a head injury. Although symptoms of a head injury will subside over time, you should not immediately return to work, school, or play. You should continue to consult with a doctor if you have persistent symptoms.
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There are two basic types of head injuries. Open head injuries, or traumatic brain injuries, occur when an object penetrates the skull and causes bleeding inside. A closed head injury, on the other hand, may appear fine from the outside but will likely involve swelling and bleeding within the brain. A serious head injury will be accompanied by a severe headache, bloody nasal fluid, or even loss of consciousness. Moreover, your speech may become slurred and your memory will likely be affected.
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If the person has sustained a severe head injury, medical attention should be sought immediately. Patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries are more likely to suffer from seizures. Treatment for seizures and infections involves taking anti-seizure medication or avoiding physical activity for the first seven days after the incident. Patients will also likely need to undergo surgery to repair fractured skulls, remove large blood clots, and relieve high intracranial pressure.
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A subdural hematoma occurs when a blood vessel underneath the skull tears. This blood collects in the space between the skull and the dura. The hematoma can expand within the skull and press against the brain, causing damage. It is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible to prevent death from this severe injury. There are two types of hematomas that can occur during a head injury. These injuries are often fatal.
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If your child or teen experiences any of these signs, you should get them to the emergency room right away. While there is a small risk of a serious brain injury, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Children and adolescents who are unaware of their symptoms may be suffering from a more serious concussion than adults. Symptoms may include difficulty concentrating, blurred or double vision, a decreased ability to concentrate, or loss of memory.
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If your head injury is mild to moderate, you may be able to recover at home. Your health care provider may provide you with blood pressure monitoring and seizure medications. A more severe injury might require admission to the hospital or intensive care unit for intensive care. You may also need surgery to remove a hematoma or relieve pressure on the brain. You may also need to undergo physical and occupational therapy. You may need to undergo surgery if you have a risk factor for seizures or hemorrhage.
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MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging are both diagnostic tests. These tests use radiofrequency waves and a magnetic field to create detailed images of the soft tissues of the brain. Your medical care provider may also use a dye injected into your bloodstream. The results of this test can help you understand the extent of the injury and provide a prognosis. However, MRI and MRS aren't the same as brain injuries.
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Traumatic brain injuries can involve one or multiple sections of the brain. Common causes of traumatic brain injuries include falls, car crashes, pedestrian accidents, athletic activities, and assaults with or without weapons. In the United States, between 1.5 and two million people will sustain a head injury, including nearly two million children. Of these, nearly three million will be hospitalized for severe head injuries and about 2,500 children will die from this condition. Fortunately, there are a number of ways to reduce your chances of suffering a traumatic brain injury and protect yourself against the most common types.
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Even if you suffer a mild head injury, you should not try to return to sports or other activities until symptoms have disappeared. If your child suffers a severe head injury, returning to sports or any activity too soon can make their symptoms worse. It is also essential to discuss your child's injury with his or her healthcare provider and explain to him or her why it is important to limit physical activity until your child is fully healed. You can also seek medical treatment for a second concussion if they return to sports too soon.