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  • Writer's pictureOren Zarif

What You Need to Know About Brain Injury - Oren Zarif - Brain Injury

While there are no exact answers to what caused your brain injury, you can begin to understand what it is and how it affects your everyday life. If you have sustained a traumatic brain injury, you may not be able to speak or understand basic commands. A few of the symptoms of a brain injury include confusion, seizures, and behavioral problems. Fortunately, the good news is that there are ways to treat and manage brain injuries and recover from them.

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The signs of a mild TBI typically involve over-the-counter pain relievers and gradual return to daily activities. If you experience a prolonged delay in healing, contact your health care provider. Moderate to severe TBI requires the medical care of a qualified professional, who can manage your blood pressure and ensure that there is adequate oxygen to the brain. In some cases, a combination of both approaches is necessary. Here are some of the main differences between restorative and compensatory therapy.

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Secondary brain injuries follow the primary injury and occur when the brain's inflammatory response becomes excessive and causes extra fluid and nutrients to accumulate. This is particularly harmful because the skull is rigid and limits space. The increased pressure from the swelling can cause damage to parts of the brain that are uninjured. Secondary brain injuries can occur over a period of time, sometimes up to 5 days. If this happens, the patient may lose consciousness. It is also possible for the brain to separate from the body cells in the white matter.

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The severity of brain injuries may be traumatic or acquired. Some cases may be mild and cause only a brief change in mental status. Other conditions may be more severe and cause permanent damage to the brain. In addition to traumatic brain injury, people can also experience mental, behavioral, and emotional issues. A healthcare provider can connect patients with resources for counseling and therapy. If these problems do not resolve on their own, medication can be prescribed to help them heal and recover.

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A doctor can perform a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) on a patient to measure their level of consciousness. The GCS measures whether a patient can open their eyes, respond to questions, respond to commands, and respond to painful stimulation. A GCS score of 13 or higher indicates a mild TBI. If the score is greater than fifteen, the patient has sustained moderate or severe brain damage. If the patient is not able to speak, he or she may have suffered a more serious brain injury.

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In many cases, a brain trauma may result from a direct blow to the head. This is called a coup-contrecoup mechanism, and it involves damage to the internal tissues of the head. The jarring of the brain against the skull can tear blood vessels and tissues that surround the brain. In severe cases, the brain is unable to absorb oxygen-rich blood properly, and the resulting bruising and swelling are the symptoms of a brain injury.

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Another type of brain injury involves bleeding into the space surrounding the brain. Cerebrospinal fluid is normally present in the space around the brain, and it acts as a cushion for the brain. Traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage occurs when a small artery tears, allowing the blood to spread over the surface of the brain. Because blood is spread over the surface of the brain, it can cause widespread damage.

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The most common brain injury is a traumatic brain injury (TBI), which affects 1.7 million people worldwide and claims 52,000 lives each year. TBI is caused by a blow to the head. Not all blows to the head cause the same level of damage; some may only produce short-term symptoms, while others can result in permanent impairment. These injuries can severely impact a person's quality of life and daily life. You should seek medical attention immediately if you suspect a traumatic brain injury.

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Acquired brain injuries (CTE) do not occur directly from trauma, but are caused by other factors. Without proper treatment, you may experience problems with thinking, emotions, behavior, and movement. Some of these symptoms may manifest years after a traumatic brain injury. There are several treatment options for both types of brain injuries, and your doctor will recommend the best course of action. It is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible after a brain injury to prevent any lingering effects.

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