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What You Need to Know About Brain Damage - Oren Zarif - Brain Damage

There are many kinds of brain damage, and each type has its own distinct symptoms. Brain injuries often result from a single traumatic event, such as a motor vehicle accident or a shaking injury. Traumatic shearing forces cause tearing of nerve fibers in white matter tracts. There are two major types of head injuries: penetrating (open head) and nonpenetrating (closed head). Penetrating injuries result in widespread damage to nerve axons throughout the brain. Damage to these axons can disrupt normal brain cell function.

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Rehabilitation after a traumatic brain injury depends on how severe the damage is and the patient's response to therapy. While some people may return to their pre-TBI level of function, others may need ongoing care for years to come. Some people may even be at risk for developing Parkinson disease, dementia, or Alzheimer disease years later. Therapy team members should provide recommendations to primary care providers and therapists for each individual patient. This will help the rehabilitation process go as smoothly as possible and maximize the patient's quality of life.

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Symptoms of TBI include difficulty in performing everyday tasks, such as playing sports or working. They may also experience fatigue, poor judgment, and difficulty concentrating. They may also have trouble paying attention, speaking clearly, or remembering new information. They may also struggle to solve problems, and they may become confused when their usual routines are interrupted. They may also stay stuck on a particular task for an extended period of time. As you can see, brain damage can lead to serious consequences. For these reasons, it is important to get a proper diagnosis after any traumatic brain injury.

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Once the initial trauma has been suffered, the brain undergoes a delayed trauma. During the time that the blood vessels stretch, the brain suffers from a delayed trauma. As a result, brain cells swell and blood flow is disrupted. The brain cells subsequently become smaller and the electrical activity of the brain diminishes. This second type of brain injury can be more devastating than the primary injury. It's important to recognize the difference between primary and secondary brain injuries.

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A traumatic brain injury occurs when the skull is suddenly moved or smashed, causing a pressure wave that disrupts the brain's ability to function. It causes chemical changes and breaks blood vessels. The brain is inherently prone to such injuries, so the U.S. Food and Drug Administration continues to study the problem and develop medical devices to prevent brain injuries. The findings of studies like these suggest that severe or moderate traumatic brain injury may lead to an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease.

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Symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury typically appear shortly after the incident or days or weeks later. While they are temporary, some of these symptoms may persist for months or even years. A neurological exam will help determine whether a skull fracture is the cause. Wearing a seat belt and a helmet while playing sports can help prevent traumatic brain injuries. And, as long as your physician confirms the diagnosis, you're on your way to returning to your normal routine.

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Treatment for traumatic brain injury begins with stabilizing the head and blood pressure to prevent seizures and infection. Depending on the severity of the injury, antiseizure medications may be needed. The use of antibiotics, antibacterials, and blood thinners may also be necessary to stop bleeding and to relieve pressure on the brain. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair skull fractures, remove large blood clots, or reduce high intracranial pressure.

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Traumatic brain injury usually requires a computerized tomography scan. CT scans can provide detailed images of the brain, and the results can reveal fractures, bleeding, and bruised brain tissue. If a CT scan shows no obvious signs, a person might need to undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

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Mild TBI requires over-the-counter pain relievers. You should gradually return to your normal activities after a mild TBI. If your symptoms do not improve after a few days, contact your health care provider. Patients with moderate to severe TBI require inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation. During the rehab process, your health care provider will check your blood pressure, monitor blood flow, and determine whether enough oxygen is getting to the brain.

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If your loved one has suffered a traumatic brain injury, it is important to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. A brain injury can cause a life-altering impairment and affect your relationships with others. Intimate relationships, recreational activities, and vocational activities are affected by ABI, and caring for someone with an ABI will testify to the depth of your support. It will take time to recover, so your family needs support during this challenging time.

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