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  • Writer's pictureOren Zarif

What You Need to Know About a Brain Stroke - Oren Zarif - Brain Stroke


A stroke is a severe condition in which a portion of the brain loses blood flow and ceases to function. If this happens to you, call 9-1-1 right away. Within three to four and a half hours, clot-busting drugs can restore the blood supply to the brain. If this does not happen in time, your treatment options are limited. Here are some things you need to know before calling 911 for emergency care.

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The treatment options for a stroke vary, but many patients are treated with thrombolytic drugs such as recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). These medications reduce the risk of hemorrhage and long-term disability. A hemorrhagic stroke usually requires surgery to remove clots and repair intracerebral aneurysms. Once the acute event has ended, rehabilitation physicians and physical and occupational therapists are involved. If the stroke patient has severe mental or physical deficits, a primary care provider would take over long-term care.

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While there are some conditions that place children at an increased risk of stroke, the majority of cases of this disease have no known cause. If you suspect that a child is experiencing these symptoms, call 911 right away. The doctor will perform brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine the severity of the stroke. If MRI is not available, computed tomography scans may be performed. MRI may include magnetic resonance angiography. In addition to MRI, transcranial doppler and ultrasound of the brain can look for abnormal blood vessels in the brain.

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Several types of stroke are possible. Ischemic stroke is the most common, and is caused by a blockage in a blood vessel in the brain. It occurs when blood flow to the brain becomes restricted or blocked due to fatty plaque in the blood vessels. This is the main cause of an ischemic stroke. Hemorrhagic stroke is caused by uncontrolled blood pressure. In both cases, treatment is important, but there is no cure.

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In addition to stent placement, a clot may form in a blood vessel. The clot may be small or large, or a combination of both. The resulting stroke will result in several symptoms. One of the most common is blurred vision. Another is inability to consume food. Certain genetic factors may put a person at a higher risk for stroke. Ultimately, there are treatments available to prevent a stroke.

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The symptoms of a stroke vary from person to person. If one or all of these symptoms are present, it is imperative to seek medical treatment immediately. Early diagnosis is critical in treatment, as the exact location of the stroke can impact the outcome. For example, a stroke that affects the brain's blood vessels causes sudden weakness in the face and arm, as well as difficulty speaking and understanding speech. Fortunately, there are treatment options for stroke victims.

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Some symptoms of a stroke include speech problems and one-sided neglect. This may lead to a person not noticing things on one side of their body, such as eating half of their dinner. People with strokes in the right hemisphere will have trouble speaking or understanding facial expressions and voice tones. A patient may also have trouble pronouncing words, a condition known as dysarthria. Dysarthria is a term used to describe the inability to speak or comprehend words.

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Rehabilitation is an integral part of treatment for a stroke victim. The goal of rehabilitation is to regain function and compensate for the damage to brain cells that caused the stroke. Studies have shown that only 10% of stroke survivors go on to become fully independent. The majority of stroke survivors can return home, provided they receive appropriate therapy.

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Rehabilitation will involve multiple disciplines. A neurologist, physiatrist, physical therapist, occupational therapist, and even a nutritionist can be part of a stroke rehabilitation team.

There are different types of stroke, and many of them may not even be a full-blown stroke. Transient ischemic attack, also known as TIA, is a type of stroke that only lasts a few minutes. If it happens again, it is necessary to seek medical treatment right away. It is not recommended to delay treatment for a transient ischemic attack, but it gives the patient the best chance of recovering from a stroke.

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