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What Are Transient Ischemic Attacks? - Oren Zarif - Transient Ischemic Attack

Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) are brief episodes of neurological dysfunction caused by ischemia of the brain or retina. There is no definite cause of these attacks, although some medical conditions increase the risk. Lifestyle changes can reduce the risk, including quitting smoking and drinking alcohol in moderation. Other factors contribute to the risk of stroke, including age, heredity, gender, and ethnicity. Once a person has suffered a TIA, the risk of another episode increases.

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Symptoms of TIA are similar to those of a stroke, except that they come and go suddenly and brightly. The symptoms of a TIA usually disappear on their own within an hour. However, a stroke can occur with precursors and is more severe than a transient ischemic attack. The symptoms of both disorders are similar, but stroke is a more serious variant of blood flow dysfunction that can lead to hypoxia.

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While TIAs usually do not cause permanent damage to the brain, if a TIA is the first sign of a stroke, it should be treated as such. Treatment options can include lifestyle changes, medication, or surgery. To minimize the risk of a TIA, a healthy lifestyle should be pursued. Not smoking, eating a balanced diet, exercising, and controlling any existing health problems can help reduce your risk of stroke.

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The definition of TIA is based on a scientific statement developed for healthcare professionals. The authors conducted a systematic literature search of Medline from 1990 to June 2007. Then, they synthesized the findings using evidence tables, meta-analyses, and individual patient-level data. The authors concluded that the current concept of TIA - transient ischemic attack without brain damage - is not accurate. It has been shown that TIAs cause an increased risk of early stroke. The authors state that this risk can be assessed by DWI and vessel imaging.

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A TIA may occur when a blood vessel bursts or is blocked. If this happens, brain cells are deprived of oxygen for an extended period of time. This occurrence is often called a "mini-stroke" because it does not result in permanent damage or death. It is important to seek immediate treatment if you experience a TIA because it may lead to a more serious illness. However, TIAs can still be deadly if left untreated.

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In addition, the new definition of TIA takes into account all available information and does not rely on DWI's limitations. Imaging studies are still necessary to distinguish ischemic stroke from hemorrhagic stroke, but imaging studies are crucial in defining the diagnosis and classification of acute cerebrovascular syndromes. You should have a thorough imaging study before you make the final diagnosis. The results of this study may help determine whether or not you are suffering from a TIA.

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In addition to the age, the TIA score also helps predict subsequent risks. It was developed by combining several risk factors, including age, blood pressure, clinical symptoms, and the duration of the TIA. Other factors may contribute to the TIA, including diabetes and atrial fibrillation. In patients with a high ABCD2 score, oral anticoagulation may be indicated. TIAs that have a cardioembolic source may warrant urgent treatment.

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