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What Are the Symptoms of Brain Injury? - Oren Zarif - Brain Injury


A severe brain injury can cause a host of symptoms, including fatigue, dizziness, memory loss, organisational and planning problems, and emotional issues. Brain trauma may also be the result of a fall or vehicle collision. Symptoms of brain injury can vary, but they are often caused by sudden changes in the brain's blood flow. A variety of events, such as shaking or slamming a child's head, can result in further injury. A diagnosis will likely involve testing the brain with magnetic resonance imaging.

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MRI: This type of imaging uses radiofrequency waves and a magnetic field to produce a detailed image of the soft tissues of the brain. MRI also uses a dye that is injected into the bloodstream to detect subtle changes in brain metabolism. The results of an MRI provide doctors with a general prognosis for the patient. In some cases, MRI results can be combined with other tests to reveal a more detailed picture of the patient's condition.

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI): A blow to the head or penetrating trauma causes a traumatic brain injury. The primary injury occurs at the time of impact, and can affect a specific lobe of the brain or the entire brain. During the impact, the skull may also be fractured. If the person's consciousness is impaired, he or she may be unable to move or communicate. However, there is no guarantee that a brain injury will result in a loss of consciousness.

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Secondary brain injuries: These are those that occur after the initial injury. These are caused by oxygen not reaching the brain. An increase in intracranial pressure, swollen brain tissues, and other factors may cause a secondary injury. The severity of brain injury depends on how deep the injury is, how long it takes to recover, and how severe it is. Some injuries may only be detected after several weeks. Although a TBI may take years to heal, there are some immediate symptoms that should be investigated.

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Rehabilitation: Patients who have sustained moderate or severe TBIs will likely need rehabilitation. The kind of therapy required depends on the type of brain injury and which part of the brain has been affected. For example, if the injury affected speech or movement, rehabilitation may include speech therapy or physical therapy. The rehabilitation process will take place in a hospital, skilled nursing facility, or outpatient clinic. Rehabilitation typically involves a team of specialists and the goal of therapy is to increase a patient's ability to perform daily tasks.

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Treatment for traumatic brain injuries begins with stabilizing the brain's blood flow and pressure. This can help prevent further damage and agitation. Patients may receive medicines while in the hospital, but severe cases may also require surgery. Neurosurgeons may have to repair broken bones in the skull, remove large blood clots, or relieve high intracranial pressure. While surgery is often necessary, this procedure is not usually necessary immediately after the injury.

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A CT scan of the brain is the most effective way to assess the extent of the damage. It can detect any bleeding or fractures inside the brain. It also helps to identify how the brain will heal and will guide the patient's care. Once the CT scan is complete, the patient will have a detailed picture of the brain's anatomy. In addition, the doctor will be able to tell if there is internal bleeding or an open head injury.

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The main goal of TBI treatment is to restore a person's quality of life, and some effects of severe TBI can improve with time. Typically, people with mild TBI can return to normal activities within a few weeks. If symptoms do not improve after this period, they should contact a health care provider for a more comprehensive evaluation. However, for moderate or severe cases of TBI, medical providers will stabilize patients, manage blood pressure, and check the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain.

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Another type of TBI is known as traumatic brain injury. A TBI causes the brain to swell and change its chemical composition, causing headaches, light or sound sensitivity, and confusion. Mild TBIs don't permanently damage the brain, but severe TBIs can permanently alter the way it works and can lead to permanent damage. A traumatic brain injury, meanwhile, can cause a person to lose consciousness.

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