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Types of Brain Injury - Oren Zarif - Brain Injury

There are two common types of brain injury. Traumatic brain injury is the result of a traumatic event, and non-traumatic brain injury is caused by a physical or emotional condition. Traumatic brain injury can be focal or widespread, depending on the type of damage. Some of the most common types of brain injury are stroke, near-fatal drowning, choking, and seizures. Non-traumatic brain injuries also include brain damage caused by cerebral hypoxia.

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In a severe case of head injury, emergency personnel will likely use the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) to evaluate the patient's mental status. A higher GCS score indicates less serious brain damage. Emergency medical professionals will assess the patient's level of consciousness and memory at multiple time points, such as at rest or during physical activity. Fortunately, most brain injuries are treatable if caught early. Symptoms of traumatic brain injury include a loss of consciousness and memory, vomiting, and increased pain.

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Patients with traumatic brain injuries can experience changes in their ability to communicate, follow simple commands, and interact with caregivers. Some patients may have unusual, agitated behaviors or appear disoriented or confused. Recovery from brain injuries is different for each patient, and can take months or even years. It's important to remember that a brain injury can cause a long-term increase in the risk of certain diseases of the brain. You should seek medical care immediately after the injury to avoid further complications.

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If your symptoms are mild or moderate, you probably have a mild TBI. Moderate TBI is defined as loss of consciousness for longer than thirty minutes, confusion for 24 hours, and memory problems lasting more than seven days. However, there are some severe cases of TBI that require hospitalization and/or surgery. A structural brain imaging study may also be abnormal, but it does not necessarily indicate brain injury. The injury will require the intervention of a medical professional and may require a long hospital stay.

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Patients with severe traumatic brain injuries will be immediately placed in a coma to reduce pressure in the brain and improve blood flow. Surgery may also be required to repair fractured skulls or bleeding vessels, remove large blood clots, and relieve high intracranial pressure. If necessary, surgery will reduce the risk of seizures. These procedures can be life-saving if the injury is very serious. A medical professional should always perform a thorough assessment after any type of brain injury.

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While most traumatic brain injuries are fatal, some people will develop seizures. These may occur even in the early stages of the injury. Other complications of traumatic brain injury include hydrocephalus and a ruptured skull. These conditions increase the pressure on the brain and cause it to swell. Bullets are the leading cause of penetrating brain injury, killing approximately ninety percent of people who have a bullet wound. Through-and-through injuries can be fatal because of the massive bleeding that occurs.

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Traumatic brain injury can occur in various ways. The skull protects the brain from severe damage, and often occurs in conjunction with other injuries. Traumatic brain injuries can cause a hematoma, or collection of blood outside the blood vessels in the skull. If this happens, the pressure can cause a person to lose consciousness, and the resulting brain damage is irreversible. Several types of bleeding can also affect the brain. A patient may also experience intracerebral hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage.

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Treatment for traumatic brain injuries depends on the severity of the injury. Mild cases of TBI may only require over-the-counter pain relievers to reduce symptoms. Patients should gradually return to normal activities. If the symptoms of a mild TBI don't go away within a week or two, it's time to consult with a healthcare provider. The treatment for moderate to severe TBI includes stabilization, management of blood pressure, and checking the oxygen levels of the brain.

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Other types of brain injuries include fractures of the skull or torn tissue. An open wound brain injury occurs when the skull is broken and the brain is exposed. These injuries can occur from a motorcycle brake lever or an accident where the head is caught between two hard objects. A child is most likely to sustain an open wound injury if it is hit on the head by a sharp object. The most common type of brain injury is concussion.

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Acquired brain injuries, on the other hand, are not caused by trauma and are a result of other factors. These injuries may result in problems with daily activities, behavior, emotions, and movement. Depending on the type and severity of the injury, brain injury can lead to permanent or temporary neurological damage. If you or a loved one suffers from brain injury, it's important to seek medical attention immediately. There are many different types of brain injury and different types of treatment are necessary.

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