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Treatment of Diffuse Axonal Injury - Oren Zarif - Diffuse Axonal Injury


Treatment of diffuse axonal injury is similar to that of other head injuries. First, doctors monitor blood pressure and breathing. They may also take measures to prevent the pressure in the skull from increasing. Treatment of diffuse axonal injury depends on the severity of the condition and the severity of secondary injuries. However, early diagnosis and treatment are recommended, to avoid the development of cerebral edema, hypotension, and elevated intracranial pressure.

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Postoperative care is focused on reducing the ICP and restoring cerebral blood flow. Patients with severe DAI should expect extended rehabilitation. Rehabilitative therapy may include physical, occupational, and speech therapies. Rehabilitation can take weeks, or even months. A patient may also undergo a combination of these therapies. However, postoperative care for diffuse axonal injury is not as straightforward as a surgery. This is because the underlying cause of the condition is not known for sure.

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While there are many ways to diagnose this disorder, a standardized clinical test is still necessary for a reliable diagnosis. The Korean Society of Acute Care Surgery (KSACS) presented a study at its annual congress in Seoul on April 7. In a similar study by Adams JH and Peduzzi JD, diffuse axonal injury is classified according to its severity. Patients with mild or moderate DAI usually exhibit headache and dizziness, but can also experience nausea and fatigue. Severe DAI can result in loss of consciousness and a persistent vegetative state. Very few patients regain consciousness during the first year.

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Diffuse axonal injury is associated with various physical, cognitive, and behavioral changes, compromising social reintegration, productivity, and quality of life. In addition, the condition persists long after the initial traumatic event. Once the clinical condition stabilizes, the brain tissue is remodeled to regain normal function. This occurs because of the brain's plasticity. However, the damage to neural connections remains.

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The number of lesions identified through imaging has been linked to the functional outcome of patients with DAI. In a longitudinal study of patients, the greater the number of lesions, the greater the functional impairment at 12 months. This study further supports the role of DTI in the diagnosis of diffuse axonal injury in the brain. This study has important implications for the management of patients with DAI. It demonstrates the utility of DTI in the diagnosis and treatment of diffuse axonal injury.

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DAI has numerous causes. The primary cause is unknown but it is usually due to secondary biochemical degradation. In addition to trauma, axonal injury is often secondary. Diffuse axonal injury is associated with a high death rate, which is approximately 25%. If this diagnosis is confirmed, then treatment will depend on the type of injury. The onset of the condition is dependent on the type of diagnosis, severity, and location of the axonal injury.

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Diffuse axonal injury is one of the most common types of traumatic brain injuries. The brain shifts rapidly within the skull. The force of this change tears the long nerve fibers that connect brain cells. The disruption of communication between brain cells results in impaired cognitive and physical abilities. A person with Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) generally experiences memory problems and rapid mental processing skills. However, in rare instances, severe brain injury may occur.

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Diffuse axonal injury is a traumatic brain injury that can be very devastating to patients. Diffuse axonal injury is a serious, potentially fatal condition that can lead to a long hospital stay, severe disability, and even death. The symptoms and signs of DAI may vary based on its etiology, but the symptoms are similar to those associated with traumatic brain injury.

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