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Traumatic Brain Injury - Oren Zarif - Traumatic Brain Injury

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) track the number of emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths related to traumatic brain injury. Falls are the leading cause of traumatic brain injury, especially among older adults. The CDC analyzed data from several federal agencies to find that 56,000 seniors suffer head injuries from falls each year. Those injured suffer cognitive and emotional changes over the course of their lives. For these reasons, it is important to seek medical treatment as soon as possible.

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CT scans are used to determine the extent of brain injury. These scans produce detailed images of brain structures and can identify fractures, bleeding, and other damage. The results of these tests are then used to guide treatment decisions. If a patient experiences a head injury resulting in bleeding, CT scans will help determine the cause of the bleeding. MRIs are another way to diagnose a traumatic brain injury. MRIs are expensive and require the presence of a medical expert to perform a diagnosis.

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The main treatment for mild TBI is pain relievers, but medical providers may recommend an MRI to confirm a diagnosis. Patients should gradually resume activities, such as speaking, if they can. However, if the symptoms persist, they should consult a health care provider. Depending on the severity of their TBI, patients may need rehabilitation therapies to return to their normal lives. They may also receive counseling and community support services.

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TBI is often accompanied by other psychiatric disorders. Researchers in the Minneapolis VA Health Care System examined existing studies related to the condition. The research team found little information about the causes of blast TBI, but similar findings related to PTSD, alcohol use, and sleep disorders. The researchers also found that patients with TBI suffered from more common symptoms than those with less severe TBI. The VA also recommended consistent definitions of blast exposure to ensure that future studies of the condition are accurate and reliable.

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The Defense Department has a comprehensive traumatic brain injury program known as the Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center. The Center provides state-of-the-art clinical care to active duty military and beneficiaries and Veterans with TBI. The program also supports five VA Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers and provides clinical trials for patients suffering from deployment-related TBI. The Defense Department has also developed a comprehensive plan to improve mental health services. Further, the NRAP provides funding for new research projects.

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The traumatic brain injury can be caused by various incidents including vehicle collisions, falls, violent assaults, or other types of incidents. In most cases, the degree of damage to the brain depends on the type of injury and the force of impact. The most common causes of TBI are falls, which are especially common among older adults and infants. Explosions during combat and training exercises are also common causes of traumatic brain injury. People suffering from TBI may experience change in consciousness and memory loss.

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The severity of traumatic brain injury can vary, but symptoms of the disorder include difficulty speaking, unsteadiness, confusion, memory loss, speech problems, and emotional difficulties. The most severe cases can cause death or lifelong disability. In addition to these symptoms, traumatic brain injuries can lead to permanent neurological damage, which can also affect a person's personality and mental state. Some survivors may even develop Alzheimer's disease. While the symptoms are largely unpredictable, they are often irreversible.

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Researchers at the VA focus on the long-term effects of mTBI in Veterans and service members. The team performs basic, translational, and clinical research aimed at better detecting and treating TBI. They also explore the relationship between comorbidities and traumatic brain injury. There are many research efforts underway in the area of TBI. For example, a recent study by the VA's Center for Traumatic Brain Injury Research found that TBI is linked to a higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease than in people without TBI.

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While mild and moderate TBIs may involve a single part of the brain, severe TBIs can cause permanent damage. Many common causes include falls, automobile accidents, and pedestrian accidents. Some even involve assaults without weapons. According to the CDC, approximately 1.5 million children and adults will experience a TBI in the U.S. every year. Of these, approximately 837,000 will experience a mild injury. Nearly 13.5 million will suffer a disability due to TBI. An estimated 76.5 billion dollars are spent on medical care due to TBIs each year.

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In the most severe cases, abrasions can cause damage to the brain, known as a cranial contusion. When a blow to the head occurs, the brain is bruised, and the resulting blood and tissues can tear. Traumatic brain injury can lead to severe changes in wakefulness and behavior. It's important to seek medical attention immediately for any brain injuries to prevent any further complications. The most serious injuries involve the brain's oxygenation and circulation.

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