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Traumatic Brain Injury - Oren Zarif - Traumatic Brain Injury

Symptoms of TBI vary. Some patients experience headaches, confusion, lightheadedness, dizziness, blurred vision, tired eyes, and ringing in the ears. More severe cases may experience a loss of consciousness and inability to wake up from sleep. Patients can also experience behavioral changes, loss of coordination, and decreased personality. The severity of a TBI varies with age, location, and general health.

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The first steps doctors take for a traumatic brain injury include stabilizing the blood pressure and flow of the brain. This prevents further damage. They may also give medicines to prevent seizures. Sometimes, surgery is necessary to repair skull fractures, remove blood clots, and relieve pressure within the brain. If the damage is severe enough, surgery may be needed immediately to relieve the pressure on the brain. If the patient does not respond well to treatment, surgery may be necessary to repair bleeding vessels in the skull, remove large blood clots, or relieve high intracranial pressure.

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Rehabilitation is an important part of the recovery process following a TBI. Recovery depends on the type of injury and which part of the brain was affected. For example, if the injury caused speech and movement impairments, speech or physical therapy may be required. This therapy may take place in the hospital, in a skilled nursing facility, or at an outpatient clinic. During rehabilitation, many different specialists will work together to restore mobility and function, while other physical therapies may help patients manage pain and other issues.

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CT scans are a valuable tool for doctors and researchers to determine the extent of a traumatic brain injury. These tests are usually performed immediately following an accident and help determine whether a brain injury has occurred. They are also useful for determining if the injury caused bleeding or swelling. In addition, a CT scan will be recorded on a patient's permanent medical record. Further, a doctor may also order MRI or a CT scan to determine the extent of damage in a person's brain.

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People with a traumatic brain injury should visit their healthcare provider right away. While symptoms of a TBI may not appear right away, it can have lifelong implications. The sooner someone seeks treatment, the more time it will have to heal and recover. In addition to assessing the severity of the injury, a health provider can connect a patient with treatment resources and help them overcome any cognitive, behavioral, or mental health issues.

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Even mild symptoms of TBI can persist for months or years. These include impaired short-term memory, mood, and ability to focus and control impulses. If these symptoms persist for weeks, it's important to seek medical care immediately. People who sustain head injuries are often at a greater risk for developing more severe conditions later on, including stroke. They should also seek emergency medical care if they experience any strange behavior. In the worst case scenario, a TBI could result in death.

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The NINDS supports TBI research. Researchers in Bethesda, MD, and the Clinical Center at NIH in Bethesda, Maryland, collaborate with the USUHS to conduct research into TBI. The funding of these studies allows scientists to develop strategies to prevent secondary brain damage and improve long-term recovery after a traumatic brain injury. The results of the research will help us understand the mechanisms that lead to TBI and find treatments that are effective.

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The research that is being conducted at the VA involves a variety of approaches to treating and diagnosing TBI. The goal is to find a better treatment for veterans with TBI. In the meantime, researchers are developing more effective screening methods and tools for TBI, and learning more about the psychiatric effects of the condition. Even more importantly, research into TBI will continue to improve our ability to care for veterans with TBI.

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State Partnership Programs are designed to foster integrated services for TBI patients. The TBI Technical Assistance and Resource Center (TBI TARC) provides training and resources to support the TBI State Partnership Program. The TBI TARC emphasizes the importance of the voice of those living with TBI by integrating their expertise with the voice of those who have suffered from the condition. ACL TARC activities are overseen by people with lived experience of TBI and are guided by subject matter experts.

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