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Traumatic Brain Injury - Oren Zarif - Brain Injury


There are many types of brain injury. Mild TBI, or traumatic brain injury, is usually treated with over-the-counter pain relievers. Gradually return to your normal activities. If symptoms don't improve, contact your health care provider. Moderate and severe TBI requires medical attention from a qualified professional who will stabilize your condition, check blood pressure, and monitor the amount of oxygen and blood flowing to your brain. You may need rehabilitation therapies, counseling, and community support services. Traumatic brain injuries are the leading cause of death and disability among children and young people worldwide. Improvements in medical treatments and diagnosis of brain injuries during the last century have helped patients prevent and treat their injuries.

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) disrupts the delicate chemistry of the brain. This changes the way people think and behave. Initially, it may take weeks or months to reverse these changes. But with the right treatment, the brain can quickly recover. The recovery process may take months or years. In some cases, the recovery process can be completed in a matter of weeks. If treatment is initiated as soon as possible, the patient may be able to return to normal life in a matter of days.

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Traumatic Brain Injury can be characterized by different types of brain injuries. Some people will experience seizures during the early stages of the injury. Fluid buildup in the brain is called hydrocephalus and can result in increased pressure and swelling. Some skull fractures tear the protective tissues that surround the brain. Bacteria can enter the brain and diffuse throughout the nervous system. A person can suffer from a variety of symptoms, which will be reflected in various signs and symptoms of the injury.

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Symptoms of TBI are difficult to detect without the proper diagnosis. A simple X-ray will not diagnose TBI. However, prompt medical treatment can save a life and minimize the devastating long-term effects of a TBI. During this time, doctors will carefully assess any symptoms. Several MRI scans will be performed to assess the damage to the brain and help you determine the best treatment. For severe cases, a person may undergo several MRIs while in the hospital.

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Physical therapy can help with muscle strengthening and coordination, while occupational therapy helps restore balance and improve cognitive skills. Cognitive training can also improve a person's speech and mental abilities. Most likely, cognitive training will be included in their therapy. Occupational therapy and speech therapy will focus on cognition the most. The recovery time depends on the severity of the injury, where the damage occurred, and whether there is a brain bleed. In some cases, physical therapy alone is not enough to recover from traumatic brain injury.

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MRI is a common test used to diagnose traumatic brain injury. MRI can detect subtle changes in the brain and determine the extent of damage. The results of these tests will be recorded in the patient's permanent medical record. Further, MRI can be used to detect bleeding or swelling inside the brain. If the symptoms persist, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Using a seat belt and wearing a helmet can help prevent traumatic brain injuries.

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Surgery may be needed to stabilize a brain injury. The aim of surgery is to decrease the pressure inside the skull, which can result in further brain injury. After surgery, doctors will likely use an anti-seizure medication. Other treatments may include pain medication and surgery. Surgical treatment involves repairing skull fractures, stopping bleeding in the brain, and removing blood clots that have formed inside the skull. Surgery is sometimes necessary immediately, but it can take weeks to form.

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While the skull protects the brain from harm, severe injuries to the skull and spine may cause permanent damage to the brain. If there is a hematoma, this blood can build up inside the skull, resulting in pressure on the brain. This can lead to loss of consciousness and permanent brain damage. Hemorrhage, on the other hand, is the result of uncontrolled bleeding and involves the subarachnoid or intracerebral arteries.

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The severity of a head injury is determined by the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). A patient with a GCS score of 13 or less is considered mild, while a patient with an overall GCS score of 15 or more is classified as moderate. The average GCS score of a moderate-severe TBI is between 13-15. A patient with a low score usually recovers from the injury, while someone with a higher score has more severe brain damage.

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