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Three Types of Rehabilitation for Brain Injury - Oren Zarif - Brain Injury

A person with a brain injury may have to go through several different types of rehabilitation. Treatments vary widely, but they all focus on restoring the individual's maximum level of function. The goal of therapy is to improve a patient's quality of life and boost self-esteem. Listed below are three types of rehabilitation services and the differences between them. For further information, visit the ASHA's resources on treating a person with a brain injury.

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Coma: A state of reduced consciousness or complete unconsciousness. While not every person who has suffered a brain injury goes into a coma, it is still important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Even mild brain injuries require prompt attention and accurate diagnosis to prevent further complications. A patient's recovery time varies greatly based on the extent of the injury and the person's age. It can take weeks, months, or even years to recover fully from a brain injury.

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI): A head injury can damage the brain in many different ways, including causing swelling, bleeding, or inflammation. These injuries can cause a person to lose consciousness, experience headaches, or experience light and sound-sensitivity. The severity of brain injuries depends on the level of severity, but the most common types of brain injuries include mild TBIs and head injuries. In addition, some people who experience traumatic brain injuries may also experience multiple kinds of brain injury.

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Mild traumatic brain injuries can be difficult to detect. Most people do not experience any symptoms immediately after the incident, but their recovery may take several months. However, mild TBI can result in permanent effects, including decreased short-term memory, emotional problems, and increased risk of developing brain diseases. The symptoms associated with a mild TBI include confusion, loss of consciousness, and bruising. A person suffering a traumatic brain injury will most likely need to be hospitalised and undergo a course of rehabilitation.

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Secondary brain injury occurs after the primary injury. When the brain is injured, it attempts to repair the damage by accumulating extra fluid and nutrients. Because of the rigid structure of the skull, the inflammation can potentially be hazardous. It can cause the brain to expand and increase pressure on parts of the brain that were not injured. The swelling may start slowly and continue for up to five days. If it occurs too quickly, there's a serious risk of swelling.

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The second type of brain injury is diffuse axonal injury. Diffuse axonal injury happens when the brain is shaken inside the skull. As the cerebral tissue slides back and forth, long connections in the brain tear. These tears disrupt the normal neuronal message flow. The size and location of the tears determine the severity of the effects. In most cases, diffuse axonal injury is caused by bullet penetration. It can also happen due to a variety of other traumas.

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Acquired brain injury is an injury that happens after birth. It occurs when the brain doesn't get enough oxygen. These can affect a person's daily activities, emotions, behavior, movement, and thought. Treatments for acquired brain injury will depend on the type of damage. In general, treatment for acquired brain injury is dependent on the type of injury and its severity. But it's important to seek medical attention if you are experiencing symptoms.

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Cerebral contusions can also occur. They are similar to concussions, and are essentially bruises on the brain. Sometimes, they require surgery, and if the bleed doesn't stop, the patient may need a more severe treatment. The extent of the damage depends on the size of the bleed and the location of the injury. If it is severe, there is a possibility of brain injury surgery.

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