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Symptoms of Head Trauma and What to Do If You Or Someone You Love Has Had a TBI - Oren Zarif -

While a person with mild head trauma will recover with time, those with moderate to severe injuries need immediate medical attention. Even mild injuries can result in permanent damage to the brain. Medical providers will stabilize the patient and help them return to normal activities. They will also monitor blood pressure, oxygen levels, and flow of blood to the brain. If a person sustains severe head trauma, they should seek medical care immediately. Listed below are some symptoms of head trauma and what to do if you or someone you love experiences a TBI.

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Blood clots: Although the brain is surrounded by fluid, a traumatic brain injury may result without hitting the head against anything. In such cases, blood vessels can rupture and cause life-threatening bleeding. The best way to avoid head trauma is to take precautions. Avoid falling in a bathtub, for instance, or don't stand in a stairwell. A good rule of thumb is to avoid heavy objects when you can.

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Post-trauma care: Most patients with moderate or severe head injuries are taken directly from the emergency room to the operating room for treatment. Surgery is usually necessary to remove a large hematoma or contusion that has formed within the skull, compressing the brain and raising pressure. Patients who have had a head injury will be closely monitored for the first 48 hours. If you suspect that your child or yourself has suffered a severe head injury, a doctor may prescribe an anti-seizure medication.

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The initial GCS score will indicate the severity of head trauma. Patients with GCS scores less than eight will likely die. The patient's age, comorbidity, and respiratory status should also be evaluated. Additionally, a patient should be evaluated for signs of respiratory distress and comatose state. Head trauma is a major public health issue, costing billions of dollars each year. Most patients with a head injury will need to be evaluated in an emergency room, where a multidisciplinary team can best help them.

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The diagnosis of head trauma varies widely depending on the patient's level of consciousness. For example, a child with a GCS of 14-15 may be diagnosed with minor blunt head trauma. Experts define minor blunt head trauma as having a history of head trauma, a recognizable physical response to light touch, and a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 14 or more. A child with such a score may be suffering from a traumatic brain injury.

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When you are dealing with a head trauma, the initial symptoms may look like symptoms of other illnesses. The full extent of the problem may not be known immediately, but it may become apparent after thorough medical evaluation and diagnostic tests. A comprehensive physical examination and x-rays may be needed to determine the extent of damage. MRI scans offer a detailed view of the brain, but are usually only recommended in stable patients. Further medical testing may be needed if the symptoms persist.

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Children aged 0 to four years have the highest rates of TBI. This age group has a mortality rate of 30 per 100,000. It accounts for 34 percent of all traumatic deaths. Fortunately, most TBIs are mild and do not result in significant bleeding of the brain or other neurologic damage. Even though many children sustain a severe TBI, the odds of death increase as the child gets older. In the United States, the most common causes of TBI are falls, motor vehicle crashes, and suicide.

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Bruising of the brain is a sign of head trauma and is caused by direct blows to the head. Shaking and trauma caused by whiplash-type injuries can also cause brain bruising. The coup-countrecoup mechanism may damage internal tissue or blood vessels. In such cases, a bruise directly related to the trauma is called a coup lesion. The symptoms of head trauma are different in children from infants to adults.

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In addition to traumatic brain injury, it is important to identify a child with minor head trauma. This injury can be classified as mild or severe, depending on the severity of the injuries and the severity of the injury. A physician may need to order a CT scan in cases of minor head trauma and determine if the child will need it. The physician may also want to obtain a history to assess the severity of the injury. It may be possible to diagnose a TBI if the child has no neurological symptoms or is in a vegetative state.

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