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Symptoms of Brain Injury - Oren Zarif - Brain Injury

Symptoms of a TBI are different depending on the degree of damage to the brain. For mild TBIs, treatment involves over-the-counter pain relievers and gradual return to normal activities. If symptoms don't go away after a few days, contact your health care provider. For moderate and severe TBIs, health care providers stabilize the patient, manage blood pressure, and check the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain.

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Acquired brain injuries, which can occur to a person after birth, are different than those caused by trauma. They can occur when the brain doesn't receive adequate oxygen and can affect daily activities, emotions, behavior, and thinking. Symptoms depend on the type of brain injury and the area of the brain affected. Treatment depends on the severity of the injury. Here are some common symptoms of brain injury:

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The most commonly used tests are the Rancho Los Amigos 10 Level Scale of Cognitive Functioning, which is a revision of the Rancho 8 Level Scale. This test assesses a person's ability to respond to external stimuli. There are 10 levels, which patients progress through in a row. Another test, the Functional Independent Measure (FIM), measures the level of independence a patient has in performing daily tasks. This test ranges from complete dependence to seven.

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When a brain is injured, it fills with fluid. The hard skull around the brain prevents the brain from expanding, but this swelling will increase the pressure on the brain. Early treatment for TBI focuses on lowering the intracranial pressure. High intracranial pressure prevents blood from reaching the brain's tissues and may increase the severity of the brain injury. It is therefore important to seek emergency care if symptoms occur. This is the most important way to minimize the effects of brain injury.

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Once the initial injury has been sustained, the brain is likely to sustain secondary injuries. These secondary injuries result from the brain not receiving enough oxygen or a prolonged low blood pressure. In addition, brain tissue swelling can also cause secondary injuries. These injuries are categorized by their severity and the length of time a person loses consciousness. The depth of a coma and the level of amnesia are indicators of the severity of the brain damage.

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In the emergency room, many patients with moderate or severe head injuries go directly to the operating room. Large hematomas and contusions, which are compressing the brain, are removed by surgery. Patients with severe brain trauma are also monitored in the intensive care unit. These injuries can lead to a number of complications, and the doctor may decide to leave a small object in the patient's skull. While this is an option for some patients, it may lead to more serious brain damage.

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Even mild brain injuries are potentially life-threatening. For example, if the injury caused a skull fracture, the patient might be able to walk again after a few days. Although recovery may not be complete, it is important to seek medical attention to make sure there is no infection. If the injury has caused a large blood clot, surgery may be necessary to remove it. Alternatively, the person may require walking assistance devices. If the brain damage is severe, medical care will be needed to ensure that they don't lose consciousness.

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The symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury may appear immediately after the accident, or several days or weeks later. They can be temporary, or may last months or even years. Fortunately, the recovery time for severe traumatic brain injury is shorter. Patients usually recover within a few weeks, but some recovery may take months. In severe cases, there are permanent effects, including paralysis. However, the recovery process may take a few years. You may have to undergo a series of treatments, including medication and rehabilitation.

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If you or someone you know has suffered a TBI, it is important to see a healthcare provider immediately. Though you may not experience any symptoms, there may be some lingering physical and mental problems, and you should also consult your family doctor to rule out any underlying medical conditions. Therapy and medications are often necessary to treat the effects of TBI, and the sooner you receive care, the better. And remember, a TBI can lead to lifelong disabilities.

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Some brain injuries are so severe that a patient may experience coma. While this is an uncommon coma resulting from a serious head injury, it is a potentially severe condition that could lead to permanent problems. People with severe head injuries may experience loss of consciousness, distorted memory, and difficulty concentrating or planning. Some may even experience emotional difficulties. Recovery from traumatic brain injury may take months or even years. You can experience significant disabilities as a result.

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