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  • Writer's pictureOren Zarif

Symptoms of a TIA - Oren Zarif - Tia Stroke


The symptoms of a TIA are the same every time, or they can be different from time to time. TIAs are caused by a narrowing of an artery that supplies blood to the brain, called a carotid artery. Because of this, these arteries can become blocked with plaque, partially blocking them, and then causing blood clots to form and travel down the bloodstream. When this happens, the blood flow to the brain is blocked, and the symptoms begin to worsen.

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Although a TIA may cause a variety of symptoms, the majority of TIAs happen in the minutes or hours before a stroke. If you notice one or more of these symptoms, seek medical treatment immediately. Prompt treatment will minimize the risk of stroke and may even prevent a major one. However, if the symptoms last for days, you should seek medical attention immediately. A TIA is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.

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TIAs have several symptoms, and many mimic other known stroke syndromes. The severity of the symptoms depends on which arterial territory is affected and whether the stroke is an anterior or posterior circulation TIA. Distinguishing between these two types of strokes is important for secondary prevention. Some symptoms of a TIA include transient monocular vision loss, hemiparesis, and aphasia. If a TIA occurs in the brainstem or vertebrobasilar artery, the patient will also experience vertigo.

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An EKG should be obtained on any suspected TIA patient. Occasionally, arrhythmias can occur and be associated with TIA. Therefore, continuous cardiac monitoring is essential during hospitalization. If the etiology is not clear, cardiac monitoring may be needed for up to 30 days. If cardiac evaluation is necessary, a second non-contrast CT should be performed. If the TIA is an acute stroke, it is crucial to seek medical attention immediately.

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In New Zealand, there are no 24-hour specialist clinics and the number of neurologists and stroke physicians is inadequate. Hence, most patients seeking treatment for a TIA are seen by a GP. However, urgent intervention can be offered at a general practitioner's level. These are just some of the factors that can affect a patient's outcome. You may wish to consult a specialist to determine your TIA risk.

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Some of the symptoms of TIAs are related to a particular artery, or an area in the brain. Patients with a TIA may experience sudden, severe, or prolonged weakness, dizziness, drowsiness, or nausea. In addition, some patients experience an episode that mimics another condition such as migraine. These symptoms are important to look for and identify TIAs. A TIA can also be triggered by a large meal or an alteration in alcohol intake.

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In general, TIAs are characterized by a brief, reversible neurological episode. Most TIAs last less than ten minutes, but the symptoms often persist for up to seven days. The arbitrary 24-hour time limit of a TIA is no longer helpful. If a patient has any of these symptoms over the course of a day or two, they are most likely TIAs.

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TIA is defined by the American Heart Association as a transient ischemic attack with focal brain ischemia. The diagnosis is inferred from clinical data, but diagnostic tests are important. Imaging studies play a crucial role in diagnosing and classifying acute cerebrovascular syndromes. For this reason, imaging studies are an essential part of the diagnosis of TIA. This is especially true if the patient experiences any of these symptoms while traveling.

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Although TIA symptoms are not permanent, they signal the imminent onset of a major ischemic stroke. Treatment of TIAs is similar to that for acute ischemic strokes. If the cause of a TIA is determined, treatment can be focused on preventing another one. Because the symptoms of TIAs are often unrecognized, doctors should consider referring a patient to a hospital with a dedicated TIA unit. This approach has reduced the number of subsequent strokes among patients who experience the symptoms of a TIA.

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Despite the importance of these tools, studies are difficult to design. A study's power is determined by the size of the sample it includes and how many TIAs it can effectively enroll. By utilizing an electronic practice management system, it is possible to gather patient data for the study from a large geographic area. It also allows researchers to compare two outcomes that may seem related, but are not directly related: the occurrence of a TIA within 90 days and the percentage of patients treated in accordance with New Zealand TIA guidelines.

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