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Symptoms and Treatment of Brain Injury - Oren Zarif - Brain Injury

Although some traumatic brain injuries are not immediately noticeable, they can lead to long-term complications. Common symptoms include loss of consciousness, difficulty concentrating, trouble regulating sleep, and trouble remembering or solving problems. However, severe injuries to the brain can lead to permanent disabilities and even dementia. Read on to learn more about the symptoms and treatment of brain injury. Listed below are the most common types of brain injuries, and their symptoms. Symptoms can vary greatly depending on the severity of the injury.

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If you suffered a traumatic brain injury, it is important to seek medical care right away. While mild TBIs may require only minimal treatment, more serious injuries can require hospitalization and intensive therapy. Rehabilitation can include exercises that help patients recover from their injuries. Additionally, patients may seek counseling and support services in the community. Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability in young people worldwide. Fortunately, advances in diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation have led to improved treatments for many people.

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Most traumatic brain injuries involve more than one area of the brain. In some cases, the injury may be so severe that the patient is left with partial or no brain function. Car accidents, falls, pedestrian accidents, athletics, and assaults with or without weapons are all possible causes of TBI. In the U.S., 1.5 million to 2 million children and adults are estimated to suffer from TBI each year. Of those, 235,000 will require hospitalization and 50,000 will die of the condition.

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During recovery, patients with TBI may display altered levels of consciousness. While many patients experience an altered level of consciousness, some may exhibit inappropriate or agitated behaviors. Patients with head injuries may require weeks, months, or even years to fully recover. However, these effects may be temporary and reversible in some patients. When these conditions do occur, patients should be evaluated as soon as possible. A medical professional can provide the appropriate care and support.

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When the level of intracranial pressure becomes extremely high, decompressive craniectomy may be performed. This procedure involves removing a large section of bone from the skull. Special biologic tissue is placed on the exposed brain. The skin is then closed. If the underlying brain is still in place, the surgeon will replace the bone flap in a cranioplasty surgery. If the condition is too severe, a patient may be put in a coma or undergo a period of sedation.

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A closed head injury can occur due to a blow to the head, or from a sudden, violent impact. When a blow to the head is dealt, the brain rotates rapidly and causes blood vessels and axons to break. The damage can occur in specific areas of the brain or throughout the entire brain. Symptoms and treatment will vary depending on the cause and severity of the injury. For more information, contact the American Academy of Pediatrics.

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While some injuries may not be serious, you should seek medical attention right away. If you don't remember the details of the accident, you should bring a witness to the emergency room. This witness will help the doctors determine whether the patient is conscious or not. During the visit, a doctor will assess the patient for signs of trauma, bruising, or neurological injury. Your physician will also examine you for symptoms of nerve function, muscle control, vision, and sensation.

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In most cases, brain injuries are caused by multiple causes. The most common is trauma. An accident or a violent shake can cause the skull to fracture and a hematoma can occur. The pressure within the skull causes bleeding inside the brain, and this can result in loss of consciousness and permanent damage. In some cases, bleeding inside the brain occurs outside of the blood vessels and can also cause hemorrhaging. These conditions are called intracerebral hemorrhages.

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The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is a 15-point scale used to evaluate the level of consciousness in patients. The GCS measures a patient's ability to respond to questions and commands, and their reaction to painful stimulation. The Glasgow Coma Score can range from three to 15 and can indicate the severity of a brain injury. A score between thirteen and fifteen indicates mild TBI, while a score between five and 13 represents severe brain damage.

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Severe head injuries can cause fatigue, dizziness, and confusion. Patients may have a prolonged period of unconsciousness, or may be in a coma for several days. Post-traumatic amnesia, or lack of memory, can be severe and require hospitalization and rehabilitation. Further, symptoms may appear days or weeks after an accident. A significant brain injury can be life-threatening. There are many symptoms and treatment options to help a person recover from the traumatic experience.

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