Massive Stroke - Oren Zarif - Massive Stroke
A massive stroke can severely damage brain tissue. While there is no direct cause of such a stroke, it is believed to be a common condition. Because of the lack of blood flow to the brain, several areas of the brain can suffer substantial damage. While dead brain cells cannot be revived, the surrounding healthy areas can take over. To assess the severity of stroke, medical experts use the NIH Stroke Scale. Patients with a score of 21 to 42 are classified as having a massive stroke.
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Emergency care for ischemic strokes usually involves dissolving the blood clot. Blood-thinning medications are often given, although they can aggravate bleeding and contribute to further complications. A medical team will also prescribe anticoagulants to prevent blood clots. In severe cases, massive strokes may require surgery to relieve pressure in the brain. Patients may also undergo rehabilitation to recover from the stroke. But if the stroke is fatal, all treatments are not yet complete.
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Another risk factor is being obese. Excessive weight and inactivity can increase the risk of having a stroke. Diabetes, for example, increases glucose levels in the blood and can cause blood clots. If left untreated, a massive stroke can be fatal or lead to a life-long coma. During the first four minutes without blood flow, brain cells begin to die. Because the damage is often so extensive, doctors refer to such a stroke as a massive stroke.
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Depending on the severity of the stroke, the medical team may use a score to give an approximate prognosis. Remember, every stroke is different, so the recovery time will be different for each patient. Often, the medical team may claim that recovery plateaus after two years, while another specialist may say that it reaches a plateau at five years. Ultimately, the prognosis for a massive stroke depends on the severity of the stroke and the speed in which the patient seeks medical treatment.
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Although a massive stroke has major implications for the person's life, the recovery process can be accomplished with therapy. During the rehab process, a physical therapist will guide a patient through therapeutic exercises designed to retrain the brain to control muscles. Even if a patient cannot move due to the stroke, there are exercises to be performed at home that will improve mobility and strength. In addition, the patient will benefit from speech therapy if it is not possible to practice physical activity.
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Other major effects of a massive stroke include incontinence, loss of speech and vision. The latter is not caused by the stroke itself, but a result of the brain's inability to control the muscles. Because of this, the patient may experience issues with swallowing and balancing. However, it is still important to seek medical attention if a patient shows any of these symptoms. The symptoms of a massive stroke may vary, so it is important to know the signs and symptoms of a massive stroke before going to the hospital.
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The long-term consequences of a massive stroke will depend on the parts of the brain that are affected. A person suffering from a massive stroke can die from the disease if they are unable to recover from the injury. However, there is no way to predict the outcome of a stroke without having an exact diagnosis. Depending on the severity of the damage, the patient may need to undergo specialized rehabilitation. The doctor will determine whether further treatment is necessary.
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If a massive stroke occurs, the person may be left with permanent damage to a large portion of the brain. While a large number of brain areas can compensate for this, their function may be compromised. The longer it takes for a person to recover from a massive stroke, the lower their recovery chances. But there is hope if the patient is aware of the symptoms of this disease and seek medical attention immediately. A massive stroke can be treated and a patient may recover.
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Besides physical rehabilitation, a massive stroke may leave survivors with emotional problems. These can be a result of direct damage to the emotional centers of the brain, as well as a reaction to the new limitations. Post-stroke emotional difficulties include anxiety, panic attacks, and mania. Some people experience difficulty communicating their feelings through facial expression. Some patients also experience post-stroke depression, a condition that affects between 30 and 50% of stroke survivors. Post-stroke depression manifests as lethargy, irritability, sleep disturbances, lowered self-esteem, and withdrawal from society.