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  • Writer's pictureOren Zarif

Lacunar Stroke - Oren Zarif - Lacunar

The mechanism of lacunar strokes is still not clear. Emboli from the heart or larger arteries are thought to cause lanes, but it has not been proven. Studies in people with a family history of strokes may also have a higher risk of developing lacunar infarcts. Regardless of the cause, emergency treatment is necessary, no matter which type of stroke it is. Although no single diagnosis can be made for lacunar strokes, there are some common symptoms.

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The most common symptoms of lacunar stroke include memory problems, impaired thinking and decision-making, and difficulty balancing. Although lacunar stroke is not physically disabling, it can lead to other health problems, including depression, mood disorders, and balance problems. Treatment for lacunar strokes is multifaceted and involves a comprehensive approach to rehabilitation. Patients should consult with their doctor at the first sign of any stroke symptoms to receive the best treatment.

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One study found that patients with large lacunar infarcts had higher prevalences of middle cerebral artery disease and occlusive carotid artery disease. The study excluded patients with silent lacunar infarcts, however. However, it is important to remember that patients with large infarcts may have more than one of these. In cases where patients have multiple symptoms of lacunar stroke, the diagnosis may be made by focusing on the symptoms and the underlying cause.

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MRI-defined lacunar infarcts occur in elderly adults, with age, diastolic blood pressure and creatinine levels as major risk factors. However, the differences between these subgroups are not large enough to suggest distinct mechanisms of disease. In contrast, subjects with MRI-defined lacunes have higher rates of cognitive dysfunction, lower extremities, and ischemic stroke. Further research is needed to determine the value of these findings as markers of future risk for stroke.

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Patients with non-ischaemic lacunar syndromes were found in 10.5% of spontaneous subdural haematomas and 9.1% of primary intracerebral haemorrhage cases. The non-ischaemic lacunar infarctions may occur in a variety of stroke subtypes, but they have yet to be defined. The objective of the present study was to describe the characteristics of lacunar syndrome without a prior lacunar infarction.

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Another cause of lacunar stroke is a deep penetrating branch occlusion in the left corona radiate. These arteries feed the deep white and gray matter. The occlusion of these arteries can lead to a small infarct. Nonetheless, the autopsy cannot prove the presence of vasospasm. However, more research is needed to determine the exact patterns of brain lesions in lacunar infarcts.

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A small proportion of lacunar stroke patients die. It may occur long after a stroke. In addition, autopsy material for these patients is scant. In addition, emboligenic cardiopathy accounts for only 2.6 to 5.5% of lacunar infarcts, although macroembolism has been reported in a single case. However, if the onset of symptoms is sudden, a lacunar infarction is likely to be the cause.

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Acute lacunar stroke is a form of stroke that occurs when an artery connecting deep structures in the brain becomes blocked. Because lacunar arteries are small, they branch off the large main artery, which is highly muscled and high-pressure. Lacunar stroke is typically asymptomatic, but multiple lacunar infarctions can result in significant physical and cognitive disability. Acute treatment is similar to that for acute ischemic stroke.

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One study looked at risk factors and found that age, sex, and creatinine level were significant predictors of the development of lacunes. Age and gender were the most common risk factors for lacunes, but there were also significant associations with the presence of other risk factors for ischemic heart disease. MRI evidence of lacunes was associated with the presence of 50% or greater internal carotid artery stenosis.

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