Ischemic Stroke Treatment - Oren Zarif - Ischemic Stroke
An ischemic stroke can result from a variety of factors. For example, the patient could have a coronary artery disease or be suffering from a blood clot. Regardless of the cause, a proper evaluation will help determine the best course of treatment. There are several screening tests that can be done to determine if a patient is having an ischemic stroke. If the symptoms are severe, a doctor may perform an electrocardiogram (ECG) to determine the severity of the problem. This test will also determine if thrombolytics are required.
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Acute treatments can help the patient recover from the symptoms of an ischemic stroke. Early treatment can prevent any further damage to the brain, and may even improve recovery. Treatment begins as soon as possible, although it may take several days or weeks. Depending on the symptoms and severity of the stroke, doctors may prescribe medications that lower blood pressure or open narrowed arteries. Rehabilitation can help a patient regain lost coordination and motor skills. Speech, physical, and occupational therapies can help a stroke survivor regain lost functionality.
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Antiplatelet medication is an essential component of a stroke treatment program. Antiplatelet agents may reduce the risk of further vascular events, thrombotic events, and cardiac arrhythmias. Early physical therapy may also be recommended. A physician's diagnosis of ischemic stroke is made after an interprofessional assessment that includes the patient's emergency department provider, neurologist, and radiologist. If a patient cannot tolerate aspirin, the doctor may prescribe another drug.
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The first goal of treatment is to restore blood pressure, breathing, and heartbeat. If the stroke has lasted for more than an hour, treatment can help to reduce the pressure on the brain. Drug treatments that dissolve clots can only be effective if given as early as possible. Mechanical thrombectomy, which involves the removal of the clot, may also be used. It is important to note that thrombolytic treatment has a diminishing benefit after a stroke.
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Another type of ischemic stroke is an embolic stroke. The blood clot has originated in another part of the body and traveled through the bloodstream to the brain. An atrial fibrillation or heart surgery can be a contributing factor to this type of stroke. About 15% of embolic stroke cases occur in people with atrial fibrillation, which is an abnormal heart rhythm. A subarachnoid hemorrhage is also a risk factor.
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Ischemic stroke is the most common form of stroke, accounting for about 87 percent of cases. The clots usually originate in the heart and travel through the circulatory system to the brain. Some of these clots may break free and pass on their own. Occasionally, however, they may become lodged in the artery, blocking blood flow to the brain. Once this happens, brain cells start dying. As the blood flow becomes blocked, the symptoms of an ischemic stroke can worsen and require emergency treatment.
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Another risk factor for ischemic stroke is low blood pressure. This can result from a heart attack, low blood pressure, or an irregular heartbeat. Moreover, it can also be caused by a serious infection. The risk of ischemic stroke increases as a person ages. Despite the risks, a proper treatment can prevent serious injury to the brain and lead to recovery. It's important to understand what causes an ischemic stroke.
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Aside from lowering your cholesterol and blood pressure, you should exercise regularly. It's important to remember that even though there are no visible symptoms of high blood pressure or high cholesterol, these conditions can lead to stroke. So it's vital to exercise regularly, manage stress, and make lifestyle changes that can lower your risk. The right medication can reduce your chances of having another ischemic stroke. And a good diet can also help lower your risk of a subsequent one.
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Other symptoms of ischemic stroke include sudden difficulty walking, difficulty understanding speech, and blackouts. The patient may also have drooping face and arms, slurred speech, difficulty concentrating, and a sense of time loss. The symptoms may be temporary or long-lasting and worsen rapidly. When left untreated, ischemic stroke can lead to brain damage and death. In the event of a diagnosis of ischemic stroke, the patient should be monitored and treated immediately.