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  • Writer's pictureOren Zarif

Is a TIA Stroke a Risk Factor for Stroke? - Oren Zarif - Tia Stroke

A TIA is a transient ischemic attack that will leave you with mild to moderate neurological symptoms. Recovery from a TIA typically takes two to three weeks. While the symptoms of TIA aren't usually permanent, you should be evaluated by a physician immediately if you notice any of these symptoms. In some cases, TIAs can lead to cell necrosis. This condition can be devastating, but it can also be prevented.

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Because TIAs usually occur within hours to days before a stroke, it is important to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. Prophylactic measures include VTE prophylaxis, fall precautions, and frequent neurologic checks. GI prophylaxis is not recommended in most patients and can increase the risk of pneumonia and clostridium difficile infection. For people of working age, TIA peer support and counseling are available. You can also seek advice from staff if you have any questions.

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One large TIA registry study has shown that the risk of stroke after TIA remains high beyond the initial phase. The long-term risks of stroke are not known, but patients with TIAs are at risk for stroke for up to 10 years. This study included patients evaluated in organized stroke centers staffed by a team of specialists. Therefore, these findings cannot be applied to the general population without such specialized services. So, while the TIA stroke study is important, it does not show a definitive answer to the question of whether TIA is a risk factor for stroke.

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In New Zealand, a TIA study is ongoing. GPs and specialists will be surveyed about the tool's usability and efficiency. Those who use it will be asked about their patient's symptoms and concerns. Specialists will also be asked about their observations of TIA management. In addition to this, GPs will be surveyed about how well they feel about the tool. The findings may help improve the treatment process for patients.

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The diagnosis of TIA depends on how the patient responds to treatment. Some patients may have residual damage of the brain, but symptoms are not persistent. During the hospitalization period, the patient's clinical course will need to be closely monitored. A re-imaging will be urgently required if the symptoms persist. Rehabilitation services, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy, may also be beneficial. Some patients may not need rehab services after a TIA, but these can help alleviate the symptoms.

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Although the diagnosis of TIA is not definitive for about 60% of cases, the high incidence of other symptoms of the disease is indicative of a misdiagnosis. TIA mimics may occur as a result of other illnesses. Patients with transient neurological symptoms may have experienced a minor stroke or some other condition. The clinical features of TIA mimics are listed in Table 1.

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In general, TIAs are very similar to ischemic strokes. However, they can develop into full strokes if the underlying problem is not treated. The underlying cause of a TIA may be a blockage of an artery or a blood clot. In such cases, it is imperative to consult a physician to make sure you don't have any underlying health issues.

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The definition of a TIA has evolved significantly over the last few years. Recent studies have changed our understanding of TIA, its risk for stroke, and the best way to assess TIA. Using this definition, we now recognize that there is a wide variety of symptoms associated with TIA, but there are certain hallmarks that separate the two. These symptoms typically last less than an hour, and they don't involve signs of acute infarction.

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While TIAs are often mistaken for stroke, they can be a warning sign of a future ischemic event. Half of all strokes occur within a year of TIAs, making a TIA a good opportunity to prevent a major stroke from happening. A patient's overall clinical picture and MRI will determine whether a TIA is a symptom of a larger problem.

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The most important consideration when considering a TIA is the underlying cause. Although TIAs are typically transient and self-resolving, they are associated with a higher risk of subsequent ischemic strokes. Because of this, optimal management of TIAs depends on the underlying cause. This is the primary goal of any TIA. So, if you suspect a TIA, seek treatment immediately.

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