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Important Factors to Consider When Planning Treatment for a Brain Stroke - Oren Zarif - Brain Stroke


During a stroke, the first thing doctors consider is circulation. If the stroke has affected the brainstem, blood pumping and airway control are the most important factors. However, severe strokes may affect breathing, blood pressure, and heart rate. If the stroke is severe, emergency treatment may also involve other parts of the body. Regardless of the location of the stroke, it is important to get treatment as soon as possible. Listed below are some of the most important factors to keep in mind when planning treatment for stroke.

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Speech difficulties are also signs of stroke. If speech is a problem, the person may have trouble repeating basic sentences. In such a case, call 911 immediately and note when the first signs of the stroke occurred. MRI scans of the brain are the main test used to diagnose stroke in children. If MRI isn't available, a computed tomography scan is an alternative. MRI scans can also include magnetic resonance angiography (MRI), which looks for abnormal blood vessels in the brain.

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A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is reduced due to a rupture or damage to a blood vessel. Patients may not show any clinical signs of stroke, but they can experience progressive dementia. Symptoms may include double vision, decreased level of consciousness, and vertigo. Although stroke can occur at any time in life, it is important to get treatment as soon as possible. There are two groups of risk factors associated with a stroke:

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those that can be controlled and those that are not. Those with these risk factors should try to reduce the effects of other risk factors, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or smoking.

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Many people who have experienced a stroke will experience various physical symptoms, including reduced cognitive skills, short-term memory loss, and a reduced ability to recognize touch, temperature, or pain. In addition, the stroke may result in difficulties with speech and language, with up to one-fourth of sufferers reporting problems in these areas. Reasoning skills, including memory and planning, may be affected. Depending on the location of the stroke, survivors may experience seizures.

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If the blood flow is interrupted or stopped, the brain will no longer be able to receive oxygen or nutrients. When this occurs, brain cells will die. When this happens, a person with a stroke must immediately call 9-1-1 for emergency medical attention. Typically, clot-busting drugs can restore blood supply within 3 to four and a half hours. Symptoms of brain stroke can be life-threatening and require emergency treatment.

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While medicines are very effective in controlling stroke symptoms, they do not repair the underlying cause of the condition. A doctor can administer an injection of TPA into the artery to the brain or insert a catheter to physically remove the clot. The benefit of this procedure is still unknown, though research continues. Another procedure is carotid endarterectomy. This involves opening up the carotid artery and removing plaque.

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The cerebellum processes input from other parts of the brain, including the spinal cord and sensory receptors. This area provides precise timing for coordinated movements. When this area is affected, a stroke patient may experience dizziness, nausea, difficulty with balance, and coordination. Other arteries supplying the brain are the Circle of Willis. Internal carotid arteries supply oxygenated blood to more than eighty percent of the cerebrum.

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A transient ischemic attack (TIA), also known as a mini-stroke, occurs when a small blood vessel ruptures and bleeds into the surrounding brain and spinal cord. This type of stroke is usually caused by hypertension, but may also be the result of an aneurism, arteriovenous malformation, or bleeding disorder. Once it's recognized, it needs to be diagnosed and treated immediately.

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