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Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy - Oren Zarif - Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy


If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, you are probably aware of its symptoms. However, you may not be aware of the cause of this condition. This article will explain what HIE is and how it can affect your health. This condition is also known as cerebral palsy. The symptoms of this condition include developmental delay, epilepsy, motor, and neurodevelopmental impairment. It was once thought that asphyxia was the cause of this disorder. In fact, other factors, such as premature birth or complications during delivery, may also be the culprits. However, no one can say definitively what causes it, but the following are some of the possible causes.

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Although the incidence of this condition is low, it is becoming increasingly recognized as a risk factor for infants born with cerebral damage. A retrospective cohort study of infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy was conducted using a validated classification system. Two reviewers independently scored each neonatal brain MRI, and discrepancies were resolved by consensus. In addition, an MRI of a subset of infants under 8 days of age was used to determine the severity of brain injury.

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Among the risks of HIE, asphyxia during pregnancy is the most significant. Taking measures to avoid asphyxia during pregnancy can significantly reduce the risk of developing this condition. In addition to preventing HIE, awareness of the symptoms and possible risk factors may also help parents prepare. Asphyxia in pregnancy is a risk factor, it is important to know what causes hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in your baby.

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The severity of HIE determines the frequency of seizures in a child. Seizures are a hallmark of both severe and moderate HIE. The longer the hypoxia-ischemia lasts, the higher the risk of seizures. Seizures have been linked to adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Repetitive seizures, in particular, have been associated with a reduced seizure threshold in adulthood. Hence, treating HIE in children is critical for neurodevelopmental outcomes.

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As with any other cause of brain damage, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathies during birth are often the result of a lack of oxygen in the mother's blood. These conditions result in the death of brain cells. These babies may go on to suffer from mild to permanent disabilities. Although this condition affects newborns, it is often not fatal. The most common affected babies are full-term, but it can also affect infants who are born prematurely.

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Research is ongoing to understand the cause of HIE and determine therapeutic strategies. Current treatment options include hypothermia alone or in combination with neuroprotective strategies. Researchers are also using a neonatal rat model to study the effects of perinatal hypoxia on the brain. While hypothermia is the only effective treatment, combined treatment of HIE may improve neurological outcomes. This therapy may help prevent cerebral palsy and seizures.

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The first priority for treating HIE is to stop the cascade effect. Therapeutic hypothermia involves lowering the baby's body temperature after birth, allowing the brain to recover. Therapeutic hypothermia will also lessen the severity of the symptoms as the baby grows. A baby who develops with HIE may require lifelong support. So, it is important to seek medical care immediately after birth.

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