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  • Writer's pictureOren Zarif

How to Recognize a Concussion - Oren Zarif - Contusion Cerebral

A concussion, or brain injury, can occur in many ways. It can happen to anyone, including athletes and accident victims. While MRIs may not show any brain damage, a traumatic event can cause severe consequences in a person's life. Traumatic brain injuries and cerebral contusions often coexist in devastating ways. Learn how to identify and treat a concussion by following these tips. After learning how to recognize a concussion, you can give it a try by taking the practice quiz.

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A cerebral contusion is an intense traumatic brain injury that can cause memory problems, trouble with balance, and even a permanent loss of consciousness. Most cases of concussion resolve on their own after a few days, although in severe cases, symptoms may persist for months or years. In addition to the concussion, there is a high risk of a secondary brain injury, including another stroke, a hematoma, or a brain herniation.

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After a traumatic brain injury, patients should undergo a CT scan to confirm the diagnosis. CT scans should be repeated if the initial result is significant. In some cases, surgery is necessary to remove part of the contused brain or to relieve high intracranial pressure. Surgical treatment of a cerebral contusion should be based on the patient's needs, the best way to determine an appropriate course of care. A patient should be monitored closely to monitor their recovery.

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Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly becoming an important tool in the diagnosis of severe brain trauma. However, many MRIs may miss the presence of a subarachnoid hemorrhage if the brain is not completely impacted by the injury. Further, MRIs can show the presence of blood clots under the bone, as well as the extent of brain damage. In the event of a cerebral contusion, a CT scan may show fractures or bleeding, which is vital for determining treatment.

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A recent study of 32 patients with concussion found that only 12% of the patients had persistent neurological symptoms and signs. In this group, seven patients (25%) had central or occipital lobe ischemia, while seven patients (24.9%) had regional perfusion deficits. Furthermore, the study also found that 11 patients suffered from diffuse regional hypoperfusion. This finding is important for further research, as this is where cerebral ischaemia is most common.

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While brain contusions tend to be serious, spinal contusions are just as dangerous. In both cases, the blood clots in the contusion, thereby increasing cardiovascular risk. Because the clotting process is necessary for the blood to stop bleeding, the condition is often referred to as a concussion. Symptoms range from a mild concussion to a coma or death. Symptoms may last from a few days to a few weeks.

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A concussion is often caused by a blow to the head. While brain injuries are often severe and disabling, traumatic brain injury can cause permanent neurological damage. MRI scans can help detect this type of injury and help determine the proper course of treatment. This diagnostic method has become increasingly important due to its ability to capture subtle changes in the brain. After the patient undergoes the scan, a doctor can determine the severity of the brain injury and the potential recovery time.

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During a traumatic brain injury, a patient is connected to various tubes and machines. An intracranial pressure monitor is inserted through a small hole in the skull and positioned inside the ventricle, a fluid-filled area deep in the brain. The information it provides can help NSICU staff intervene in the patient's care as quickly as possible. The normal intracranial pressure of the brain is less than 20 mmHg. However, higher pressures may be safe.

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If the pressure in the brain becomes too much, doctors may perform a decompressive craniectomy. This surgery removes a large portion of bone from the skull, which allows the brain to swell. Special biologic tissue is then placed over the exposed brain and the skin is closed over the area. This clot often re-absorbs, but it can be large enough to cause permanent damage. If you have a large clot, surgery may be necessary.

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