How to Identify and Treat Contusion Cervical in Your Child - Oren Zarif - Contusion Cerebral
A brain contusion or bruise is a condition where the brain is affected by a jarring or collision with the sides of the skull. It causes bruising, internal bleeding, and swelling inside the brain. Certain drugs, including blood thinning medicines, can cause intraparenchymal hemorrhage and can cause a cerebral contusion as well. Learn how to identify and treat contusion cerebral in your child. Listed below are the symptoms of a brain contusion and how to get help.
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Focal perfusion deficits were most common in the frontal lobes, which comprise 50% of the brain's volume. However, an equal number occurred in the occipital lobes. One area particularly vulnerable to cerebral ischaemia is the occipito-parietal border. Because the occipito-parietal border is at the intersection of three main cerebral arteries, this region is especially vulnerable to this complication.
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Patients with a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury are at risk for seizures during the first week following their injury. Anti-seizure medications are often used to prevent seizures. Medications to prevent infection may also be used. Because any device placed inside the body is vulnerable to infection, an ICP monitor may be placed in the affected area. Patients may also require surgery to repair skull fractures, remove bleeding vessels, or relieve high intracranial pressure.
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A traumatic brain injury can result in a concussion or a contusion. Depending on the severity of the injury, a concussion can have long-term or even life-threatening consequences. If left untreated, a concussion can result in altered cognition and reduced intelligence. Most commonly, concussions occur after a blow to the head. There are several causes of concussions, but most often, they are the result of a blow to the head or fall.
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The symptoms and signs of a cerebral contusion vary widely from person to person. If the injury is severe, the patient should be given rest, elevated or ice-cold therapy, or both. Early ambulation can help reduce the risk of infection. In some cases, a blood clot may form and cause a cyst. A subarachnoid hemorrhagic strip may form along the right frontotemporal transition.
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In a severe head injury, cerebral contusion is a bruise of brain tissue that causes multiple microhemorrhages. Approximately 20 to 30% of all severe head injuries result in this condition. It's often more severe than a concussion and always causes a deep loss of consciousness. Because of the bruising of the brain tissue, a brain contusion can affect a patient's mental functioning. It can even result in the herniation of a brain.
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The first symptom of a contusion cerebral is a severe headache, which can last for hours or days after the injury. The second symptom of a brain contusion is a deterioration in consciousness, accompanied by increasing confusion and drowsiness. Some people even experience a brief period of lucidity and paralysis of the opposite side of the body. A CT scan of the brain may help determine whether or not the patient has a cerebral contusion.
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Diffuse axonal injury is more common and occurs in many situations, including car accidents, falls, and the shaken baby syndrome. It can range from mild to severe, depending on the location of the hematoma. It can also lead to a coma. A fracture in the skull can rupture one or more of the brain's vessels. In addition to brain contusion, there are other conditions that can result in a hematoma.
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In the initial care of a patient with a cerebral contusion caused by a traumatic brain injury, an emergency clinician, trauma surgeon, neurosurgeon, and intensivist will almost always be involved. Nursing care is crucial, including monitoring vital signs, and the blood bank and clinical laboratory will provide important elements for treatment decisions. Respiratory therapy is vital for managing ventilators and a neurointensivist will coordinate the care of the patient.
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In the case of severe head injuries, patients may experience concussion-like symptoms. A contusion cerebral should be treated immediately, as delayed treatment may result in permanent damage. Treatment methods vary according to the severity of the contusion. Mild contusions may go away on their own, while moderate and severe brain contusions may require invasive surgery and prescription medication. This type of treatment may also result in cognitive impairment, memory loss, and confusion.
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While it is difficult to determine the severity of a concussion, if left untreated, a traumatic brain injury can be devastating. Treatment and recovery for a contusion cerebral may vary, depending on the severity of the injury and the level of impairment. The primary injury may involve only a small portion of the brain or affect the whole brain. The skull may also fracture during the impact. The patient may appear normal or even lose consciousness, but this can only be determined once the condition has been diagnosed.