How Do We Recognize and Treat Post Concussion Syndrome?- Oren Zarif - Post Concussion Syndrome
Acute and persistent post concussion symptoms are a defining characteristic of many patients with mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI). These patients often exhibit somatic, cognitive, and emotional problems. Some may even develop behavioral problems, which is why addressing these conditions is imperative for the long-term management of patients with mTBI. But how do we recognize post concussion syndrome and how can we treat it?
The symptoms of a concussion may become worse within three days of the initial injury.
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These include difficulty speaking, coordination of movements, severe headache, and persistent vomiting. If these symptoms persist for a long period of time, they may be a sign of a chronic subdermal hematoma, a serious medical problem. These patients should seek medical care immediately. After suffering from a concussion, the symptoms of post concussion syndrome can worsen and be permanent if left untreated.
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The symptoms of PCS can be very different from person to person. For some, it may take months or even years to get completely better. For others, they may require changes in their schedule and activities. Regardless of the cause of the symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention as early diagnosis is critical for maximizing recovery. Fortunately, there are treatment options available for post-concussion syndrome (PCS), which will help you regain your pre-injury abilities and quality of life.
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Treatment for PCS requires an understanding of the physical, psychological, and social factors contributing to the condition. In addition to psychological treatments, patients may also need social worker help or additional strategies. PCS can last weeks or months, and the symptoms can interfere with daily life. To treat the syndrome, your doctor will help you overcome its symptoms. Treatment options may include educational methods, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medications. There is no cure for post-concussion syndrome, but the symptoms can be managed.
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Delay in recovery should be avoided at all costs. Those with persistent symptoms should rest for at least 2 days and avoid vigorous activity, which may result in a second concussion. Studies show that individuals with prolonged recovery time return to baseline significantly sooner when they rest from their injury. Further, the effects of early treatment on post-concussion symptoms are largely a result of the severity of the initial injury, which can also affect the quality of life.
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In the case of post-concussion symptoms, the first step of treatment is assessing neck and shoulder stability. Your physician will perform a physical examination to evaluate pain, neck range of motion, and neck tenderness. If you're experiencing headaches, dizziness, or vertigo, these are also symptoms that may suggest cervical injury. Your neck treatment can play a significant role in your recovery. There are different types of treatment for post-concussion syndrome and each has its own unique symptoms.
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While your primary care physician won't be able to diagnose your concussion, a pediatrician or neurologist may be able to identify the problem. Neurologists specialize in the treatment of mild traumatic brain injuries and may also prescribe medications. However, they do not necessarily have any system to refer patients to specialists. In such a case, it's important to seek the advice of a specialist.
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A post-concussion headache is one of the most common symptoms after a concussion. The pain may feel like tension headaches or migraines, but is often associated with a loss of sense of smell or taste. Symptoms often go away within a few months of the initial head injury. Sometimes, however, they do not clear up on their own, and require medical attention. If the symptoms persist, it may be a sign of post-concussion syndrome.
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A study in the Journal of Human Brain Mapping has revealed the possible role of the vestibular system in post-concussion syndrome. Researchers have discovered that there are several different anatomical structures that contribute to these problems. Some of these include the vestibular system and the third mobile window. A defective anatomical structure called superior canal dehiscence may also play a role in post-concussion syndrome.