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How Brain Damage Can Affect You - Oren Zarif - Brain Damage


Brain damage can be caused by a variety of factors. For starters, traumatic events can damage the brain in different ways. A concussion, or minor head injury, can cause a person to lose consciousness or to lose cognitive function. In addition, it can cause blood vessels in the brain to rupture and result in chemical changes. While these changes are not always permanent, they can result in permanent disabilities. Fortunately, a correct diagnosis can minimize the extent of damage.

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A person who has suffered brain damage from a gunshot wound may experience long-term cognitive and psychological effects. Damage to the occipital lobe can affect the person's vision and cause visual disturbances. In more serious cases, injuries to the brain stem can cause life-threatening consequences. This part of the brain controls heart rate, breathing, and sleeping cycles. In either case, a doctor should consider the cause of the injury, the symptoms, and the events that led up to the incident.

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Secondary brain injuries occur when oxygen cannot reach the brain. This may occur due to a decreased blood pressure or a swollen brain tissue. The level of brain damage in a person who has suffered a head injury is referred to as the "severity of the injury". The duration of loss of consciousness and the level of amnesia are measures of the depth of the coma. Further, brain scans can determine the extent of the damage.

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In severe cases, patients will be in a confused state for a longer period of time than normal. This is called post-traumatic amnesia. When people suffer a major blow to the head, they may have difficulty remembering recent events or repeating the same things that they've already said. The longer the patient remains in this state, the more serious their brain damage is. A doctor will be able to determine if there is any cognitive damage and what type of rehabilitation they can provide.

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Depending on the severity of the injury, some patients may require a medical procedure that requires surgery. During this procedure, the doctor will examine the brain to check whether any blood vessels are bleeding or swollen. A physician will also take an X-ray to check the blood pressure and oxygenation of the brain. When there is a large blood clot or fracture in the skull, the patient may need to undergo surgery to correct the damage.

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After birth, acquired brain injury refers to damage caused by accident, disease, or oxygen deprivation. While many factors can lead to acquired brain injury, it is important to know that two-thirds of people with ABI are over forty, while one-third are over 65. Men are more likely to develop ABI than women. Prolonged alcohol or substance abuse can also lead to insidious onset. A stroke is a common form of ABI, and it occurs when a blood vessel inside the brain ruptures, causing local damage to the brain tissue.

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A traumatic brain injury can cause long-term neurological and emotional consequences. The long-term effects of brain damage vary with the type and severity of injury. Perinatal brain damage is a particular concern, as it can lead to psychiatric illnesses and neurodevelopmental impairments. Behavioral changes are often an indicator of head injury. The injuries may be coup or contrecoup, depending on where the trauma occurred. Both types of injury can result in brain swelling and low blood flow.

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People with mild to moderate TBI may experience headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, blurred vision, tired eyes, and ringing in the ears. Physical therapy and speech therapy are typically required if the injury affects movement or speech. Rehabilitation may be performed in a hospital, skilled nursing facility, or outpatient clinic. During the therapy, patients will meet with various specialists, including physical therapists and speech therapists, and the goal is to improve the patient's ability to do daily activities.

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