Head Trauma - What to Do If You Suffer a Head Injury - Oren Zarif - Head Trauma
A severe head injury can result in major injuries to the neck, arms, and legs, as well as damage to major body organs. Despite the pain and swelling, most victims are unconscious and barely responsive. Those who are not unconscious will be confused, agitated, or both. Ten percent of severe head injury victims will also have seizures. In such cases, it is critical to get immediate medical treatment. If the head injury is severe, the patient may not remember playing any sport before it happened.
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The initial Glasgow coma scale (GCS) can be used to estimate a patient's level of consciousness. This 15-item scale is a measure of the severity of traumatic brain injury. Generally, the lower the score, the more severe the injury. Most people sustain head trauma during motor vehicle accidents or from firearm assaults. Falls, sports, and acts of violence are other common causes of head trauma. However, it is important to seek immediate medical attention for head injuries if the patient is unconscious and unresponsive.
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If the injury is moderate or severe, a patient may be sent directly to the operating room. Large hematomas or contusions may be present in the head, and the surgeon must perform surgery to remove them. This procedure will reduce pressure within the skull and preserve the patient's life. A patient may also be observed in the intensive care unit, where blood is more likely to accumulate. Further treatment may be necessary. But there is no substitute for prompt medical attention.
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A person suffering from a mild head injury should call 911. The brain is fragile and may not respond well to motion. Emergency medical personnel are trained to carefully move people with head injuries. They will use a 15-point Glasgow Coma Scale to assess their mental state. A high score on this scale indicates less severe injury. If the injury is severe, the patient may require intensive care and seizure prevention. A hospital visit is required if the patient does not respond to medical treatment.
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Minor head injuries that do not cause loss of consciousness or death are usually benign. People with clotting problems or those taking blood thinners may be at higher risk for a fatal outcome from a minor head injury. Age is another risk factor. Older people are more likely to fall and experience bleeds. In these situations, it is imperative to seek medical attention as soon as possible. You might even lose the ability to talk or hear. As a result, you may need long-term medical care.
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If you have sustained a head injury, the first step is to call 911. If you do not experience any symptoms immediately, you may not need medical treatment. However, if you are conscious, call a family member to check on you. If you are unable to do this, ask the injured person to wake up every two or three hours to check on their condition. The patient should also ask questions to stay alert. This way, you can receive proper medical attention sooner rather than later.
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A CT scan will help your healthcare provider determine the extent of the injury. The scan can help identify any fractures or brain swelling. Although CT scans are fast and accurate, they may not detect severe injury. A MRI scan will provide more detailed information about your head, but it is usually not ordered until you're in stable condition. Treatment for a head injury will depend on the type of injury and how long it has taken place. So, the most important thing to remember is to get the right medical attention at the right time.
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The most common causes of head injuries are falls, motor vehicle accidents, and sports injuries. The mortality rate for people with TBI is 30 per 100,000. In the U.S., head trauma causes over fifty thousand deaths each year. In addition, it accounts for nearly thirty percent of all traumatic deaths. The mortality risk increases with age. Injury to the head can cause immediate loss of awareness and alertness for hours. If you have experienced a head trauma, you must call 911 or take the injured person to the emergency room right away.
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There are other causes of head injuries, including subdural hematoma and intracerebral hemorrhage. Subdural hematomas are the result of tears and cuts in the brain's dura. While intracerebral hemorrhage is typically the most serious form, it can also lead to death. A skull fracture may also result in a subarachnoid hemorrhage or intracerebral hemorrhage.