Eye Stroke Diagnosis and Treatment - Oren Zarif - Eye Stroke
An eye stroke, also called anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, is a medical emergency that causes the loss of vision in a patient. The condition is characterized by a lack of blood flow to the optic nerve tissues. The most common cause of eye stroke is blood clots. Treatment depends on the type of occlusion and the portion of the eye served by the vessel. There are two types of eye strokes: arteritic (giant cell arteritis) and non-arteritic (occlusion without inflammation).
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An eye stroke diagnosis involves evaluating your medical history and examining your central visual acuity and visual field. Your doctor may also order a blood test and examine your optic nerve, retina, and disc. If you suspect that you're having an eye stroke, it's important to get tested right away. A diagnosis is the first step in treating your condition. If you've already been diagnosed with eye stroke, you'll need long-term follow-up care.
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The symptoms of eye stroke are not always immediately apparent. In severe cases, however, it can result in permanent vision loss and other health complications. Early diagnosis and treatment is crucial in protecting your vision and preventing the disease from progressing. If you notice that your vision has suddenly disappeared or your eye has changed, contact your doctor immediately. An eye stroke can be a symptom of another underlying health problem, such as diabetes. However, most people will not experience any physical symptoms of the disease until weeks or months after the attack.
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In addition to eye exams, a doctor may give you medications to break up clots and lower the pressure in the eyes. These medications may be effective, but they carry a risk of bleeding. Patients who have had a heart condition or high blood pressure may need other medications or treatments. Diabetics should also have an annual eye exam. When the disease is diagnosed, it's important to treat the cause of the stroke. A doctor can also monitor your eyes for other symptoms that may be related to the stroke, such as cataracts.
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The main cause of eye stroke is poor blood flow in the blood vessels that supply the retina. Without proper blood flow, retinal cells die. Without oxygen, vision may be lost completely. In severe cases, peripheral vision may also be affected. Symptoms of eye stroke may change rapidly. It is vital to see a doctor as soon as possible. It's important to remember that stroke doesn't just occur in older adults. Getting emergency care early may help you prevent permanent damage to your vision.
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For patients experiencing sudden severe blurring or total vision loss, the first step is to go to the emergency room. If the eye stroke is severe, it may be a sign of a larger brain stroke, and any temporary vision loss should be treated as soon as possible. Fortunately, emergency rooms at Mount Sinai hospitals are equipped to diagnose and treat eye stroke quickly. There are also many treatments for people suffering from this condition. The good news is that most of these treatments are painless and effective.
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Other symptoms of eye stroke are related to the damage done to the optic nerve. Affected people may have trouble following objects or navigating through dark areas. They may also experience double vision. Their eye muscles may be weak or wobbly, which can make it difficult to follow objects and shift vision quickly. Gaze palsy and wrinkling are also common. Further, these symptoms can occur if the person doesn't get enough rest or has a history of glaucoma.
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Eye stroke symptoms usually occur in one eye, but can occur in both eyes. Some people may experience the symptoms suddenly, while others may develop slowly over several hours or days. Treatment is critical, as it can reduce damage to the eye and prevent a future brain stroke. Unfortunately, many people don't realize they have a stroke until it's too late. While there are some treatments available, it's important to seek emergency care if you notice any signs.
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People with high blood pressure and diabetes may also have a high risk for eye stroke. The blood pressure in the eyes is affected by other risk factors, such as cholesterol and diabetes. These factors can cause blood vessels to become narrowed, which increases the chances of an eye stroke. A common cause of stroke in the eye is hypertension, which restricts circulation through the arteries. In addition, newer anti-hypertensive drugs may cause blood pressure to drop too low when the patient is sleeping.