Effects of Head Trauma - Oren Zarif - Head Trauma
If you have suffered head trauma in an accident, you should seek medical attention right away. While mild injuries may not require immediate medical treatment, they can still leave people with long-term, debilitating effects. To avoid further trauma, always wear a helmet and wear your seat belt when riding a bike or in a car. The Mayo Clinic offers free health information for individuals in need of medical attention. Read on to learn about the effects of head trauma and what to do if you or a loved one is injured.
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When the head is struck, the brain jolts backward. It can be caused by direct blows, the shaking of a child, or a whiplash-type injury. While the head itself is strong, the jarring can tear blood vessels and internal tissues. A fractured skull is not enough to absorb the impact, and the brain may suffer internal bleeding and swelling as a result. There are two main types of head trauma: primary and secondary.
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Minor head trauma is not a life-threatening event unless you lose consciousness. People who have blood clotting problems or take blood thinners may have a greater risk of serious complications from a minor injury. Age is another risk factor. Older people tend to be more likely to fall and experience traumatic brain injuries. Older people are also more prone to falls and bleeds. So if you suspect you or a loved one has suffered a head trauma, make sure you seek medical attention right away.
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Minor blunt head trauma is the most common type of traumatic brain injury in children younger than two years of age. The symptoms include waking up at the sound of a voice or the light touch of a parent or sibling. If the Glasgow Coma Scale score is fourteen or less, the child is likely to have suffered minor blunt head trauma. This is often mistaken for mild head trauma. If you suspect head trauma in a child, consult a doctor or a pediatrician right away.
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For the first few days after a head injury, a responsible adult should stay with the patient. You'll be given instructions for how to take pain relievers and how to gradually return to normal activities. If the pain is severe, it's important to contact a health care provider for further treatment. During this time, you may need to take painkillers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. But do not take aspirin, as these can increase the risk of internal bleeding inside the skull.
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Your healthcare provider may order a CT scan to determine the extent of your head injury. The result of this scan will depend on whether or not you have other injuries, such as spinal cord injuries, or bleeding on the brain. A CT scan is a fast and reliable way to determine if you have sustained a head injury. However, a MRI scan is more accurate and detailed, but is recommended only in patients who are stable. There are different treatments for different types of head trauma.
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Head trauma can range from a bump to a traumatic brain injury. Some of the most common types include concussions, skull fractures, and scalp wounds. The type of head trauma determines the treatments and consequences. A closed head injury does not break the skull, but may still result in brain damage. In severe cases, brain damage may result in internal bleeding. It is essential to seek medical attention immediately after suffering a head injury.
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If you have a child with a head injury, the first thing you should do is to protect the person's airway. Apply ice to the swollen areas and keep the head still to prevent it from further injuries. You should also keep the child on his or her side while applying ice to the area. You should call the doctor right away if your child has vomited. If you have any concerns about the situation, you can call 911.
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If the child is not aware of the injury, they should be evaluated for a skull fracture. A skull fracture can be an extremely common complication following a head trauma. A skull fracture will result in a fractured skull bone. A skull fracture that is depressed will cause the shattered bone to press against the brain. The resulting bruise is known as a hematoma. Typically, patients with a skull fracture do not require medical attention and may return to their activities within a few days.