Effects of Frontal Lobe Damage on Decision Making - Oren Zarif - Frontal Lobe Damage
In the study, we used two tests to examine the impact of frontal lobe damage on the ability to make decisions. We performed the saccade and the antisaccade, which require rapid eye movements in response to an attention-grabbing cue. The prosaccade requires the ability to make decisions immediately, while the antisaccade requires executive control. Our evolutionary forces have conditioned us to focus attention on prepotent stimuli.
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As a result, the effects of frontal lobe damage may vary from one individual to another. The brain is highly complex, and even a seemingly minor injury can cause severe damage. Nevertheless, even minor injuries should be treated promptly. However, the recovery process is often long, and some patients may never fully recover from the injury. Regardless of the severity of the frontal lobe injury, rehabilitation may not be easy, but it's essential to understand the options available.
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Affected patients may experience symptoms of increased impulsivity and risk-taking. These symptoms are related to disinhibition and reward-based decision-making. Impulsive people make rash decisions and lack self-control. On the other hand, risk takers tend to jump at the chance of a reward. This increased risk-taking is often visible during gambling. A gambling task has been developed specifically to measure the effects of frontal lobe damage on risk-taking.
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Testing frontal lobe damage patients requires an intensive neurologic examination. The doctor should obtain a detailed history of the patient and any close contacts. During the exam, he or she should note any behavioral changes he or she may have experienced, such as anosognosia, an impairment of insight, confabulation, and inappropriate jocularity. Further, the patient must be examined for environmental dependency, which can include wearing glasses that are not one's own, perseverance, persistentness, and incontinence.
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Treatment for frontal lobe damage varies from case to case. Infections and brain tumors can be treated with antibiotics and surgical procedures. Degenerative diseases, on the other hand, have no cure and can only be treated with medications and lifestyle changes. Physical therapy can help patients regain mobility and strength and occupational therapy can teach them new ways to function. Moreover, patients may require rehabilitation or therapy to overcome the symptoms of frontal lobe damage.
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The global composite LCT score for patients with frontal lobe lesions is sensitive to lateralized frontal lobe damage. In contrast, patients with left-sided frontal lobe lesions showed higher LCT composite scores than those with right-sided frontal lobe lesions. More research is needed in this area to determine whether there is an association between lateralized frontal lobe lesions and higher LCT composite scores.
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A stroke or degenerative disease can cause damage to the frontal lobe. Damage to the frontal lobe causes impaired thinking and memory. Dementia is another common cause of frontal lobe damage. The symptoms of dementia depend on the exact location of the damage, but it can cause a variety of other problems. Dementia, also known as frontotemporal dementia, is characterized by personality changes and language difficulties.
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Damaged frontal lobes can lead to a variety of symptoms, including depression and muscle weakness. In severe cases, these symptoms can cause significant behavioral and personality changes. Frontal lobe damage can be transient or permanent, and it is often the result of a stroke, head trauma, or a variety of other brain injuries. However, any brain injury or disease that damages the frontal lobe has the potential to cause damage.
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People with damage to both sides of their occipital lobe are unable to recognize objects by sight. They become "cortical blind" and make up descriptions of what they perceive. This condition is known as Anton syndrome. Some people with this disorder also experience hallucinations involving vision. It is vital to get a thorough diagnosis and treatment to ensure that your condition does not progress any further. This will give you a clearer picture of the damage to your frontal lobe.
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Another issue with the FAB is that it is not related to hemispheric asymmetry. The study, however, did not include any patients with left-hemisphere lesions, so it is impossible to draw conclusions about hemispheric asymmetry. In addition, the lack of patients with left-hemisphere lesions limits our ability to study the effects of frontal lobe damage on FAB item or composite scores.