Cerebral Stroke - Oren Zarif - Cerebral Stroke
While men are more likely to suffer a stroke, women are more likely to die of one. A person's risk of having a stroke also increases if he or she is of certain races, including African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans. In fact, a person's risk of stroke is twice as high for African Americans and Hispanics than for Caucasians. Furthermore, people with a family history of stroke have an increased risk of experiencing another one.
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The first step to diagnosing a stroke is to have a complete medical examination. A doctor will evaluate a patient's history and symptoms to rule out any other medical conditions or issues with the brain that could cause another stroke. Imaging tests are necessary to detect brain bleeding and other signs of injury or disease. MRIs may be the first test ordered. MRIs are more sensitive than CT scans at displaying the cerebellum. The cerebellum is located at the back of the brain and is surrounded by bone.
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Early diagnosis of cerebellar stroke is crucial to preventing permanent damage. Treatment options should be explored with the doctor to determine if a brain scan is needed to confirm the diagnosis. Cerebellar stroke may cause different symptoms depending on the part of the brain affected. While the majority of people with this type of stroke experience ataxia of speech and balance, regular physical therapy and speech therapy can aid recovery. Experts are still unsure whether patients will recover fully after a cerebellar stroke. However, the benefits of brain scans are widely recognized, and doctors should encourage their patients to undergo them.
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Acute ischemic damage to the brain stem can result in swelling and inflammation. These processes can continue for hours, even days, causing more permanent damage. If a patient suffers a stroke of this type, this swelling can result in dangerous levels of pressure within the skull. In order to save viable brain tissue, proper blood flow must be restored to the affected area. If this is delayed, more cells will die than otherwise. While the recovery time will depend on the extent of the ischemic damage, prompt treatment can improve the chances of survival.
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When pregnant, the risk of a stroke increases. This is because the blood volume in the uterus is larger, and a clot can form in the large veins draining the brain. A woman with heart disease or high blood pressure is more likely to suffer a pregnancy-related stroke than a healthy woman with no risk factors. Another risk factor is postpartum pregnancy, which is when most women are at greatest risk for stroke.
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If a patient is suffering from a cerebral stroke, medical professionals use a variety of brain imaging techniques to diagnose and treat the condition. MRIs can determine the cause of stroke, how severe it is, and the best course of treatment. Some treatments include surgery, which can prevent or treat some forms of stroke. These procedures may help repair blood vessels or treat malformations of the brain. A common surgery, called a carotid endarterectomy, removes plaque from the carotid arteries located in the neck.
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Neuroprotection involves intervening in the ischemic cascade in order to rescue ischemic tissue. Neuroprotective agents have been successfully used in animal models of stroke but have not been proven in humans. In order to prevent further neurological damage from ischemic stroke, a patient should be treated with medicines that will help him or her recover from the attack. There are a number of different types of medications and treatments for cerebral stroke, and neuroprotection is the most common.
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The pain associated with a cerebral stroke is called central stroke pain. Damage to this part of the brain causes pain that is intense in the affected area. Movement and temperature changes can also intensify the pain. Unfortunately, most medications for the pain associated with this type of stroke provide little relief. Only a few treatments are effective in fighting this symptom. The goal of treatment for an MCA stroke is to restore normal brain function as soon as possible. It's not a simple task, but it's worth it.
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The most common types of stroke are ischemic and hemorrhagic. In ischemic stroke, a blood clot blocks an artery and brain cells die without oxygen. Hemorrhagic stroke, on the other hand, occurs when a blood vessel breaks or ruptures in the brain. This type is usually the first type, but there are also several types, including "mini-strokes" known as transient ischemic attacks.