Cerebellar Stroke - What Are the Symptoms of Cerebellar Stroke? - Oren Zarif - Cerebellar Stroke
Cerebellar stroke is a rare neurological condition. It only affects around 10% of stroke patients, but its symptoms are difficult to distinguish from other types of stroke. If left untreated, cerebellar stroke can lead to further brain damage and swelling. The stroke can also lead to irregular heartbeat, breathing, and blood pressure, all of which may require medical intervention. Here are some of the most important symptoms that you should look for in your case.
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A physician will first evaluate the patient's medical history and symptoms. The goal of accurate diagnosis is to rule out other types of brain problems and issues, and to prevent recurrence of the condition. Imaging tests may be ordered to detect any bleeding or injury to the brain. The first imaging procedure recommended will probably be an MRI, because it is better able to show the cerebellum than a CT scan. This area of the brain sits in the back of the skull and is surrounded by bone.
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The symptoms of cerebellar stroke may look like those of a hemorrhage or cerebellar infarction, but a higher index of suspicion may lead to a proper diagnosis. If the hematoma expands, it can cause compression of the brainstem and cerebellum, and affect motor and balance control. Cerebellar stroke accounts for only 1% to 4% of all strokes. A team of healthcare providers and neurologists works to identify the right treatment for patients suffering from cerebellar stroke.
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Occupational therapy helps patients recover mobility and regain skills. Physical therapists can teach patients new ways to carry out daily tasks. They may prescribe exercises to improve balance, range of motion, strength, and other basic activities. Patients can also benefit from vision training, which involves specific exercises that stimulate the brain and improve its ability to process visual input. It is difficult to pinpoint how much of an impact a cerebellar stroke has on the individual, but physical therapy and speech therapy may help.
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The primary fissure separates the anterior and posterior lobes of the cerebellum. This is the deepest and thickest fissure in the vermis. The posterior superior fissure runs parallel to the primary fissure. The lobe-wise arteries branch off from both these arteries. The lobe-wise maps show the relative risk of a cerebellar voxel being affected. After smoothing the data, the lobe-wise maps are compared against a reference population.
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There are many different types of cerebellar infarcts. Traditional classifications based on the artery involved have resulted in very small infarcts. These infarcts are small compared to other types of cerebellar infarcts and were originally named lacunar infarcts based on their neuropathological findings. In fact, there are many terms used to describe these small infarcts. The objective of this article is to clarify the terminology used and to provide an overview of their pathogenesis.
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As the cerebellum is low in the brain and protected by bone, a standard CT scan cannot detect cerebellar ischemic stroke. A brain MRI, however, allows the physician to see the cerebellum better. But this procedure is not recommended for patients who are neurologically unstable or are unreliable. So, if you think you might have cerebellar stroke, it is important to schedule an appointment with a medical professional.
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A study conducted at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics in Iowa identified several clinical features that were predictive of poor outcome. These included systolic blood pressure greater than 200 mm Hg, a large infarct on CT, and abnormal corneal or oculocephalic reflexes. Patients with a normal corneal reflex had the best outcomes. Those with a traumatic cerebellar stroke may be prone to brain damage and have a prolonged prognosis.
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Cerebellar stroke can result from bleeding, blood clots, or trauma. Known risk factors include hypertension, elevated fat and cholesterol levels, and heart disease. Trauma to the head or neck can also lead to cerebellar hemorrhagic stroke. The pressure inside the brain causes blood vessels to become blocked and cause stroke symptoms. A patient who suffers from a cerebellar stroke may be unconscious or unable to communicate his or her symptoms.
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The MRI results of isolated cerebellar stroke patients show that the brains of both hemispheres can be damaged, resulting in delayed cerebral atrophy. Patients with unilateral or bilateral stroke typically suffer from a delayed cerebral atrophy, which has a negative impact on their clinical outcome. While the MRI findings are limited, these studies show the effects of cerebellar stroke on neurological recovery in patients with a traumatic cerebellar stroke.