Causes of Anoxic Brain Injury - Oren Zarif - Anoxic Brain Injury
There is little consensus about what causes anoxic brain injury, but cardiac arrest is one of the leading contributors to this condition. The time it takes for a patient to become unconscious after an ischemic event is an important determinant of the outcome. Studies have examined whether cardiac arrest itself is the culprit, and some have concluded that it is. However, studies on a different cause of anoxic brain injury have been inconsistent.
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A thorough history is the most important initial aspect in identifying the cause of anoxic brain injury. Although the patient is unresponsive upon presentation, family members can provide useful information. In addition, individuals who resuscitated the patient or who witnessed the incident are an excellent source of information. A comprehensive understanding of the patient's baseline neurologic status is important, and the presence of prodromal symptoms and the duration of CPR are also helpful.
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Other symptoms of anoxic brain injury include loss of consciousness, a slowed breathing rate, and a wobbly gait. Patients may also experience muscle spasms, rigidity, trembling, and confusion. Some patients have no symptoms at all, or the severity of their symptoms may not be apparent until later. MRIs and computerized axial tomography are the gold standard of diagnostic tests. These scans produce detailed images of the brain.
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If someone else caused your anoxic brain injury, you may be able to sue them for damages. Personal injury lawyers can hold multiple parties responsible for serious injuries, including anoxic brain injury. By looking for signs of negligence, your lawyer can pursue compensation from the party responsible for the accident. It can be frustrating to discover that someone else was negligent, so a personal injury attorney may be able to help. But you should not let this deter you from filing a lawsuit.
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A severe anoxic injury can damage the brain's hypothalamus and pituitary gland. These two brain structures are vital to memory and are sensitive to the effects of anoxic injury. This can result in excessive tiredness, decreased sex drive, and weight gain. Treatment for these effects depends on the type of anoxic brain injury that caused it. The Headway charity can provide support and financial assistance for those suffering from anoxic brain injury. The organization provides grant funding and a nurse-led helpline to help individuals with questions.
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The long-term consequences of anoxic brain injury depend on the severity of the anoxic condition and the extent of irreversible brain damage. In mild cases, a patient may recover from anoxic brain injury and return to normal functioning after several months, while severe cases may require months or years of rehabilitation. If the injury is severe, however, there may be lasting effects on the brain. The long-term effects of cerebral anoxia depend on the cause of the injury, the extent of brain damage, and the areas of the brain affected.
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A person suffering from anoxic brain injury should consult a doctor immediately after sustaining it. Treatment is essential in minimizing the damage to the brain and managing the symptoms. In some rare cases, recovery is possible despite anoxic brain injury. The brain relies on a steady flow of glucose and oxygen to sustain its activity. Without this, it is possible to suffer from permanent brain damage. However, the best treatment for anoxic brain injury is a combination of medications and supportive care.
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A child experiencing anoxic brain injury should undergo immediate medical attention. If the anoxic condition is severe enough, the baby may die. The onset of anoxic brain injury usually occurs within a week or two after the child is born. Even if the child is born in a normal condition, the traumatic event could lead to permanent damage to the brain. While this is rare, a child may not show any symptoms until a few weeks or months after birth.
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Parents and guardians should seek medical care from pediatric neurologists and early childhood specialists if their child experiences any of these symptoms. The symptoms of anoxic brain injury can mimic other common developmental problems, so it may take years to identify the condition and seek appropriate treatment. In the meantime, parents may have to wait several years for their child to achieve normal developmental milestones and additional screenings. A child may also experience emotional instability. While the effects of hypoxic brain injury are not immediately apparent, a medical malpractice lawsuit could help parents receive compensation for these damages.
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Anoxic brain injury can occur from any incident that impedes blood flow or oxygen to the brain. A blow to the head, asphyxiation, or a complication during childbirth can lead to anoxic brain injury. Without sufficient oxygen, neural cells begin to die through a process called apoptosis. While cell death is normal in humans, the deprivation of oxygen can cause brain damage that affects a person's ability to think and reason. Consequently, anoxic brain injury can lead to permanent memory problems and a loss of concentration.