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Brain Damage - What You Should Know - Oren Zarif - Brain Damage

A person may suffer from brain damage if it occurs due to a blow to the head, disease, or lack of oxygen. Some of these injuries can even be the result of alcohol or substance abuse, leading to insidious onset and gradual brain damage. For families and friends, dealing with a brain injury can be difficult. These conditions may affect your child's ability to speak, walk, or function normally. If you or someone in your family suffers from brain damage, here are some things you should know about the symptoms and treatments.

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The term "brain damage" is used to describe the process by which the brain cells die. There are several different ways that this damage can occur, including a stroke or a tumor. An estimated 2.6 million Americans suffer some type of brain injury every year, while 130,000 people die from it. While not all brain injuries are traumatic, the result can be devastating. There are two main categories of brain injury: traumatic and acquired. Both of these injuries cause significant damage to brain cells.

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The most common type of brain injury is a stroke. Stroke is one of the most common types of brain injury, affecting approximately one in six people over the age of 65. Up to 90 percent of stroke survivors will need years of rehabilitation after the injury. Some of the most common disabilities caused by a stroke include speech and cognitive disability. For these reasons, a stroke should be treated by a medical professional. But there are some things you should know first.

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Secondary injury to the brain often results from the inflammatory response to the primary injury. Inflammation in the brain results in extra fluid and nutrients accumulating in the affected area. This inflammation is dangerous because the rigid skull limits the space for the brain to expand. This swelling can cause additional brain damage to parts that are uninjured. Inflammation can take several days, but it can result in serious complications, such as coma or even death.

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Symptoms of traumatic brain injury vary greatly. They may involve multiple parts of the brain or just part of the head. The most common causes include car crashes, falls, pedestrian accidents, athletic activities, and assaults with or without weapons. Every year, between 1.5 million to two million adults and children sustain traumatic brain injury. In the U.S., approximately 235,000 people will require hospitalization, while over 50,000 will die from a traumatic brain injury.

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Imaging studies are essential for diagnosing brain injuries. Blood tests are important for identifying signs of infection or electrolyte imbalances. Brain evaluations can also reveal the cause of injuries. Brain evaluations may target specific areas of the brain depending on the extent of the damage. Additional testing will depend on the symptoms of the patient and the type of injury that has caused brain damage. A CT scan can be performed as early as possible after a head injury.

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In mild to moderate TBI, the main treatment is over-the-counter pain relievers and gradual return to activity. However, if your symptoms do not improve, contact your health care provider immediately. If the symptoms persist, your health care provider will stabilize the patient. He or she will also monitor blood pressure, blood flow, and the amount of oxygen reaching the brain. This can take days, weeks, or even years. Depending on the severity of the brain injury, treatment may differ significantly from the previous treatment.

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There are several types of concussions. In addition to football players, professional wrestlers, and soccer players are at risk for concussions. The NFL has also been on the forefront of concussion research and agitated for more studies. Researchers have identified a specific type of immune cell and a protein that signals the cells to recognize brain injuries. These findings are encouraging and may provide new treatment options for TBI and other types of brain damage.

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While most types of brain injury have the potential to cause brain injury, some cases may not be as serious. Some people will suffer from seizures as a result of traumatic brain injury. This may occur even at the earliest stages of brain injury. Some people may also experience fluid buildup, a condition known as hydrocephalus. This fluid can cause swelling and increased pressure inside the brain. Other injuries, such as skull fractures, can tear the protective tissues surrounding the brain. Bacteria can also enter the brain through the meninges and spread throughout the nervous system.

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In addition to the physical signs of brain injury, people suffering from the injury may also experience emotional changes. These changes may be permanent, or they may improve after rehabilitation. If your brain is damaged in a car accident, the impact could result in diffuse axonal injury. Depending on the severity of the injury, you may experience temporary or permanent memory problems, or even personality changes. Other neurological conditions can lead to headaches or migraines. If you or a loved one suffers from brain damage, seek help right away.

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