Anoxic Brain Injury - Oren Zarif - Anoxic Brain Injury
The signs of anoxic brain injury include lack of coordination, wobbly gait, and an inability to perform common tasks. Other symptoms include movement disorders such as trembling, jerky movements, and weakness in all four limbs. Individuals with anoxic brain injury may also have confusion, hallucinations, delusions, and personality changes. These symptoms will vary in severity, depending on the type of injury and how long has passed since the anoxic episode.
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The treatment of anoxic patients requires an interprofessional approach. Nurses and physicians are often involved in care, including neurology consultation, pharmacy staff, and dietitians. Pharmacists may help detect drug-drug interactions, counsel patients, and review medications. Nurses are specialty-trained and may provide prescribed treatments, educate family members, and provide status updates. Patients and their caregivers should discuss their personal needs and concerns and communicate these to the rehabilitation team.
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Doctors will treat anoxic brain injury by pinpointing the cause of the lack of oxygen. Often, anoxic brain injury is the result of a stroke or a heart arrhythmia, and efforts will be made to stabilize the patient's heart rhythm. They will also work to prevent further brain damage and restore oxygen availability. Treatments will also focus on preventing further brain damage, such as reducing the temperature of the patient.
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If anoxic brain injury is severe enough, the patient will enter a state of persistent vegetative state, or PvNS. This state of inactivity may be temporary or permanent. In the case of a severe anoxic brain injury, the patient may enter a vegetative state, where the basic functions of the brain and body are maintained. Unlike a coma, however, there is no consciousness. This state is often fatal, and doctors may order that a patient not be resuscitated.
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If cerebral anoxia is mild, recovery chances are low. However, if the anoxic brain injury is severe, recovery is possible. However, there are certain factors that will determine the outcome of the anoxic brain injury. The type of damage to the brain and the amount of time the individual is unconscious will determine how long the patient can live with the condition. However, mild anoxic brain injuries may be cured with physical rehabilitation, while more severe anoxic brain injuries may require more intensive treatment.
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In addition to drowning, another common cause of anoxic brain injury is a complication during childbirth. If the umbilical cord is wrapped around the infant's neck, for example, the child is unable to breathe. The lack of oxygen can be fatal in minutes. However, the risk of death increases as the duration of anoxic brain injury becomes longer. A traumatic accident, such as a suffocation or drowning, will result in a severe anoxic brain injury.
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Hypoxia and anoxic brain injury can be a result of any incident that prevents or hinders the normal flow of blood and oxygen to the brain. Hypoxic brain injury is more common than anoxic brain injury, and it can occur due to a stroke, major blood loss, or other traumatic event. While traumatic brain injuries result in damage to the brain's structure, anoxic brain injuries occur when the blood supply to the brain is reduced.
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The causes of anoxic brain injuries are numerous, but the most common is medical malpractice. Hypoxia during childbirth is one example of medical malpractice, and it has been linked to permanent disorders and cerebral palsy. Other causes include accidents that disrupt blood flow to the brain, such as careless driving, drowning, and smoke inhalation. A lack of oxygen can cause low blood pressure and result in anoxic brain injury.
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While symptoms may be delayed in anoxic brain injury, they should be recognized immediately to prevent permanent damage. A doctor can diagnose anoxic brain injury and provide appropriate treatment, which may even save a person's life. Anoxic brain injuries can lead to memory loss, lack of concentration, and other complications. As with any injury, it's important to consult with an anoxic brain injury recovery attorney as soon as possible.